a9c8e39b50d5f6d4c3be50053ecef7016ad9b52e
[openocd.git] / tools / scripts / checkpatch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
2 # (c) 2001, Dave Jones. (the file handling bit)
3 # (c) 2005, Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> (the ugly bit)
4 # (c) 2007,2008, Andy Whitcroft <apw@uk.ibm.com> (new conditions, test suite)
5 # (c) 2008-2010 Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
6 # Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
7
8 use strict;
9
10 my $P = $0;
11 $P =~ s@.*/@@g;
12
13 my $V = '0.32';
14
15 use Getopt::Long qw(:config no_auto_abbrev);
16
17 my $quiet = 0;
18 my $tree = 1;
19 my $chk_signoff = 1;
20 my $chk_patch = 1;
21 my $tst_only;
22 my $emacs = 0;
23 my $terse = 0;
24 my $file = 0;
25 my $check = 0;
26 my $summary = 1;
27 my $mailback = 0;
28 my $summary_file = 0;
29 my $show_types = 0;
30 my $root;
31 my %debug;
32 my %ignore_type = ();
33 my @ignore = ();
34 my $help = 0;
35 my $configuration_file = ".checkpatch.conf";
36
37 sub help {
38 my ($exitcode) = @_;
39
40 print << "EOM";
41 Usage: $P [OPTION]... [FILE]...
42 Version: $V
43
44 Options:
45 -q, --quiet quiet
46 --no-tree run without a kernel tree
47 --no-signoff do not check for 'Signed-off-by' line
48 --patch treat FILE as patchfile (default)
49 --emacs emacs compile window format
50 --terse one line per report
51 -f, --file treat FILE as regular source file
52 --subjective, --strict enable more subjective tests
53 --ignore TYPE(,TYPE2...) ignore various comma separated message types
54 --show-types show the message "types" in the output
55 --root=PATH PATH to the kernel tree root
56 --no-summary suppress the per-file summary
57 --mailback only produce a report in case of warnings/errors
58 --summary-file include the filename in summary
59 --debug KEY=[0|1] turn on/off debugging of KEY, where KEY is one of
60 'values', 'possible', 'type', and 'attr' (default
61 is all off)
62 --test-only=WORD report only warnings/errors containing WORD
63 literally
64 -h, --help, --version display this help and exit
65
66 When FILE is - read standard input.
67 EOM
68
69 exit($exitcode);
70 }
71
72 my $conf = which_conf($configuration_file);
73 if (-f $conf) {
74 my @conf_args;
75 open(my $conffile, '<', "$conf")
76 or warn "$P: Can't find a readable $configuration_file file $!\n";
77
78 while (<$conffile>) {
79 my $line = $_;
80
81 $line =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
82 $line =~ s/^\s*//g;
83 $line =~ s/\s+/ /g;
84
85 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*#/);
86 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*$/);
87
88 my @words = split(" ", $line);
89 foreach my $word (@words) {
90 last if ($word =~ m/^#/);
91 push (@conf_args, $word);
92 }
93 }
94 close($conffile);
95 unshift(@ARGV, @conf_args) if @conf_args;
96 }
97
98 GetOptions(
99 'q|quiet+' => \$quiet,
100 'tree!' => \$tree,
101 'signoff!' => \$chk_signoff,
102 'patch!' => \$chk_patch,
103 'emacs!' => \$emacs,
104 'terse!' => \$terse,
105 'f|file!' => \$file,
106 'subjective!' => \$check,
107 'strict!' => \$check,
108 'ignore=s' => \@ignore,
109 'show-types!' => \$show_types,
110 'root=s' => \$root,
111 'summary!' => \$summary,
112 'mailback!' => \$mailback,
113 'summary-file!' => \$summary_file,
114
115 'debug=s' => \%debug,
116 'test-only=s' => \$tst_only,
117 'h|help' => \$help,
118 'version' => \$help
119 ) or help(1);
120
121 help(0) if ($help);
122
123 my $exit = 0;
124
125 if ($#ARGV < 0) {
126 print "$P: no input files\n";
127 exit(1);
128 }
129
130 @ignore = split(/,/, join(',',@ignore));
131 foreach my $word (@ignore) {
132 $word =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
133 $word =~ s/^\s*//g;
134 $word =~ s/\s+/ /g;
135 $word =~ tr/[a-z]/[A-Z]/;
136
137 next if ($word =~ m/^\s*#/);
138 next if ($word =~ m/^\s*$/);
139
140 $ignore_type{$word}++;
141 }
142
143 my $dbg_values = 0;
144 my $dbg_possible = 0;
145 my $dbg_type = 0;
146 my $dbg_attr = 0;
147 for my $key (keys %debug) {
148 ## no critic
149 eval "\${dbg_$key} = '$debug{$key}';";
150 die "$@" if ($@);
151 }
152
153 my $rpt_cleaners = 0;
154
155 if ($terse) {
156 $emacs = 1;
157 $quiet++;
158 }
159
160 if ($tree) {
161 if (defined $root) {
162 if (!top_of_kernel_tree($root)) {
163 die "$P: $root: --root does not point at a valid tree\n";
164 }
165 } else {
166 if (top_of_kernel_tree('.')) {
167 $root = '.';
168 } elsif ($0 =~ m@(.*)/scripts/[^/]*$@ &&
169 top_of_kernel_tree($1)) {
170 $root = $1;
171 }
172 }
173
174 if (!defined $root) {
175 print "Must be run from the top-level dir. of a kernel tree\n";
176 exit(2);
177 }
178 }
179
180 my $emitted_corrupt = 0;
181
182 our $Ident = qr{
183 [A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*
184 (?:\s*\#\#\s*[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*)*
185 }x;
186 our $Storage = qr{extern|static|asmlinkage};
187 our $Sparse = qr{
188 __user|
189 __kernel|
190 __force|
191 __iomem|
192 __must_check|
193 __init_refok|
194 __kprobes|
195 __ref|
196 __rcu
197 }x;
198
199 # Notes to $Attribute:
200 # We need \b after 'init' otherwise 'initconst' will cause a false positive in a check
201 our $Attribute = qr{
202 const|
203 __percpu|
204 __nocast|
205 __safe|
206 __bitwise__|
207 __packed__|
208 __packed2__|
209 __naked|
210 __maybe_unused|
211 __always_unused|
212 __noreturn|
213 __used|
214 __cold|
215 __noclone|
216 __deprecated|
217 __read_mostly|
218 __kprobes|
219 __(?:mem|cpu|dev|)(?:initdata|initconst|init\b)|
220 ____cacheline_aligned|
221 ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|
222 ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp|
223 __weak
224 }x;
225 our $Modifier;
226 our $Inline = qr{inline|__always_inline|noinline};
227 our $Member = qr{->$Ident|\.$Ident|\[[^]]*\]};
228 our $Lval = qr{$Ident(?:$Member)*};
229
230 our $Constant = qr{(?:[0-9]+|0x[0-9a-fA-F]+)[UL]*};
231 our $Assignment = qr{(?:\*\=|/=|%=|\+=|-=|<<=|>>=|&=|\^=|\|=|=)};
232 our $Compare = qr{<=|>=|==|!=|<|>};
233 our $Operators = qr{
234 <=|>=|==|!=|
235 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|!|~|
236 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%
237 }x;
238
239 our $NonptrType;
240 our $Type;
241 our $Declare;
242
243 our $UTF8 = qr {
244 [\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E] # ASCII
245 | [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF] # non-overlong 2-byte
246 | \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF] # excluding overlongs
247 | [\xE1-\xEC\xEE\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2} # straight 3-byte
248 | \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF] # excluding surrogates
249 | \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2} # planes 1-3
250 | [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3} # planes 4-15
251 | \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2} # plane 16
252 }x;
253
254 our $typeTypedefs = qr{(?x:
255 (?:__)?(?:u|s|be|le)(?:8|16|32|64)|
256 atomic_t
257 )};
258
259 our $logFunctions = qr{(?x:
260 printk(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
261 [a-z0-9]+_(?:printk|emerg|alert|crit|err|warning|warn|notice|info|debug|dbg|vdbg|devel|cont|WARN)(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
262 WARN(?:_RATELIMIT|_ONCE|)|
263 panic|
264 MODULE_[A-Z_]+
265 )};
266
267 our $signature_tags = qr{(?xi:
268 Signed-off-by:|
269 Acked-by:|
270 Tested-by:|
271 Reviewed-by:|
272 Reported-by:|
273 To:|
274 Cc:
275 )};
276
277 our @typeList = (
278 qr{void},
279 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?char},
280 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?short},
281 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?int},
282 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long},
283 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+int},
284 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long},
285 qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long\s+int},
286 qr{unsigned},
287 qr{float},
288 qr{double},
289 qr{bool},
290 qr{struct\s+$Ident},
291 qr{union\s+$Ident},
292 qr{enum\s+$Ident},
293 qr{${Ident}_t},
294 qr{${Ident}_handler},
295 qr{${Ident}_handler_fn},
296 );
297 our @modifierList = (
298 qr{fastcall},
299 );
300
301 our $allowed_asm_includes = qr{(?x:
302 irq|
303 memory
304 )};
305 # memory.h: ARM has a custom one
306
307 sub build_types {
308 my $mods = "(?x: \n" . join("|\n ", @modifierList) . "\n)";
309 my $all = "(?x: \n" . join("|\n ", @typeList) . "\n)";
310 $Modifier = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse|$mods)};
311 $NonptrType = qr{
312 (?:$Modifier\s+|const\s+)*
313 (?:
314 (?:typeof|__typeof__)\s*\(\s*\**\s*$Ident\s*\)|
315 (?:$typeTypedefs\b)|
316 (?:${all}\b)
317 )
318 (?:\s+$Modifier|\s+const)*
319 }x;
320 $Type = qr{
321 $NonptrType
322 (?:[\s\*]+\s*const|[\s\*]+|(?:\s*\[\s*\])+)?
323 (?:\s+$Inline|\s+$Modifier)*
324 }x;
325 $Declare = qr{(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type};
326 }
327 build_types();
328
329 our $match_balanced_parentheses = qr/(\((?:[^\(\)]+|(-1))*\))/;
330
331 our $Typecast = qr{\s*(\(\s*$NonptrType\s*\)){0,1}\s*};
332 our $LvalOrFunc = qr{($Lval)\s*($match_balanced_parentheses{0,1})\s*};
333
334 sub deparenthesize {
335 my ($string) = @_;
336 return "" if (!defined($string));
337 $string =~ s@^\s*\(\s*@@g;
338 $string =~ s@\s*\)\s*$@@g;
339 $string =~ s@\s+@ @g;
340 return $string;
341 }
342
343 $chk_signoff = 0 if ($file);
344
345 my @dep_includes = ();
346 my @dep_functions = ();
347 my $removal = "Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt";
348 if ($tree && -f "$root/$removal") {
349 open(my $REMOVE, '<', "$root/$removal") ||
350 die "$P: $removal: open failed - $!\n";
351 while (<$REMOVE>) {
352 if (/^Check:\s+(.*\S)/) {
353 for my $entry (split(/[, ]+/, $1)) {
354 if ($entry =~ m@include/(.*)@) {
355 push(@dep_includes, $1);
356
357 } elsif ($entry !~ m@/@) {
358 push(@dep_functions, $entry);
359 }
360 }
361 }
362 }
363 close($REMOVE);
364 }
365
366 my @rawlines = ();
367 my @lines = ();
368 my $vname;
369 for my $filename (@ARGV) {
370 my $FILE;
371 if ($file) {
372 open($FILE, '-|', "diff -u /dev/null $filename") ||
373 die "$P: $filename: diff failed - $!\n";
374 } elsif ($filename eq '-') {
375 open($FILE, '<&STDIN');
376 } else {
377 open($FILE, '<', "$filename") ||
378 die "$P: $filename: open failed - $!\n";
379 }
380 if ($filename eq '-') {
381 $vname = 'Your patch';
382 } else {
383 $vname = $filename;
384 }
385 while (<$FILE>) {
386 chomp;
387 push(@rawlines, $_);
388 }
389 close($FILE);
390 if (!process($filename)) {
391 $exit = 1;
392 }
393 @rawlines = ();
394 @lines = ();
395 }
396
397 exit($exit);
398
399 sub top_of_kernel_tree {
400 my ($root) = @_;
401
402 my @tree_check = (
403 "COPYING", "CREDITS", "Kbuild", "MAINTAINERS", "Makefile",
404 "README", "Documentation", "arch", "include", "drivers",
405 "fs", "init", "ipc", "kernel", "lib", "scripts",
406 );
407
408 foreach my $check (@tree_check) {
409 if (! -e $root . '/' . $check) {
410 return 0;
411 }
412 }
413 return 1;
414 }
415
416 sub parse_email {
417 my ($formatted_email) = @_;
418
419 my $name = "";
420 my $address = "";
421 my $comment = "";
422
423 if ($formatted_email =~ /^(.*)<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
424 $name = $1;
425 $address = $2;
426 $comment = $3 if defined $3;
427 } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /^\s*<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
428 $address = $1;
429 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
430 } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /(\S+\@\S+)(.*)$/) {
431 $address = $1;
432 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
433 $formatted_email =~ s/$address.*$//;
434 $name = $formatted_email;
435 $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
436 $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
437 # If there's a name left after stripping spaces and
438 # leading quotes, and the address doesn't have both
439 # leading and trailing angle brackets, the address
440 # is invalid. ie:
441 # "joe smith joe@smith.com" bad
442 # "joe smith <joe@smith.com" bad
443 if ($name ne "" && $address !~ /^<[^>]+>$/) {
444 $name = "";
445 $address = "";
446 $comment = "";
447 }
448 }
449
450 $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
451 $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
452 $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
453 $address =~ s/^\<|\>$//g;
454
455 if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
456 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
457 $name = "\"$name\"";
458 }
459
460 return ($name, $address, $comment);
461 }
462
463 sub format_email {
464 my ($name, $address) = @_;
465
466 my $formatted_email;
467
468 $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
469 $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
470 $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
471
472 if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
473 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
474 $name = "\"$name\"";
475 }
476
477 if ("$name" eq "") {
478 $formatted_email = "$address";
479 } else {
480 $formatted_email = "$name <$address>";
481 }
482
483 return $formatted_email;
484 }
485
486 sub which_conf {
487 my ($conf) = @_;
488
489 foreach my $path (split(/:/, ".:$ENV{HOME}:.scripts")) {
490 if (-e "$path/$conf") {
491 return "$path/$conf";
492 }
493 }
494
495 return "";
496 }
497
498 sub expand_tabs {
499 my ($str) = @_;
500
501 my $res = '';
502 my $n = 0;
503 for my $c (split(//, $str)) {
504 if ($c eq "\t") {
505 $res .= ' ';
506 $n++;
507 for (; ($n % 4) != 0; $n++) {
508 $res .= ' ';
509 }
510 next;
511 }
512 $res .= $c;
513 $n++;
514 }
515
516 return $res;
517 }
518 sub copy_spacing {
519 (my $res = shift) =~ tr/\t/ /c;
520 return $res;
521 }
522
523 sub line_stats {
524 my ($line) = @_;
525
526 # Drop the diff line leader and expand tabs
527 $line =~ s/^.//;
528 $line = expand_tabs($line);
529
530 # Pick the indent from the front of the line.
531 my ($white) = ($line =~ /^(\s*)/);
532
533 return (length($line), length($white));
534 }
535
536 my $sanitise_quote = '';
537
538 sub sanitise_line_reset {
539 my ($in_comment) = @_;
540
541 if ($in_comment) {
542 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
543 } else {
544 $sanitise_quote = '';
545 }
546 }
547 sub sanitise_line {
548 my ($line) = @_;
549
550 my $res = '';
551 my $l = '';
552
553 my $qlen = 0;
554 my $off = 0;
555 my $c;
556
557 # Always copy over the diff marker.
558 $res = substr($line, 0, 1);
559
560 for ($off = 1; $off < length($line); $off++) {
561 $c = substr($line, $off, 1);
562
563 # Comments we are wacking completly including the begin
564 # and end, all to $;.
565 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '/*') {
566 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
567
568 substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
569 $off++;
570 next;
571 }
572 if ($sanitise_quote eq '*/' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '*/') {
573 $sanitise_quote = '';
574 substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
575 $off++;
576 next;
577 }
578 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '//') {
579 $sanitise_quote = '//';
580
581 substr($res, $off, 2, $sanitise_quote);
582 $off++;
583 next;
584 }
585
586 # A \ in a string means ignore the next character.
587 if (($sanitise_quote eq "'" || $sanitise_quote eq '"') &&
588 $c eq "\\") {
589 substr($res, $off, 2, 'XX');
590 $off++;
591 next;
592 }
593 # Regular quotes.
594 if ($c eq "'" || $c eq '"') {
595 if ($sanitise_quote eq '') {
596 $sanitise_quote = $c;
597
598 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
599 next;
600 } elsif ($sanitise_quote eq $c) {
601 $sanitise_quote = '';
602 }
603 }
604
605 #print "c<$c> SQ<$sanitise_quote>\n";
606 if ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '*/' && $c ne "\t") {
607 substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
608 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '//' && $c ne "\t") {
609 substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
610 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote && $c ne "\t") {
611 substr($res, $off, 1, 'X');
612 } else {
613 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
614 }
615 }
616
617 if ($sanitise_quote eq '//') {
618 $sanitise_quote = '';
619 }
620
621 # The pathname on a #include may be surrounded by '<' and '>'.
622 if ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*include\s+\<(.*)\>/) {
623 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
624 $res =~ s@\<.*\>@<$clean>@;
625
626 # The whole of a #error is a string.
627 } elsif ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+(.*)\b/) {
628 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
629 $res =~ s@(\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+).*@$1$clean@;
630 }
631
632 return $res;
633 }
634
635 sub ctx_statement_block {
636 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
637 my $line = $linenr - 1;
638 my $blk = '';
639 my $soff = $off;
640 my $coff = $off - 1;
641 my $coff_set = 0;
642
643 my $loff = 0;
644
645 my $type = '';
646 my $level = 0;
647 my @stack = ();
648 my $p;
649 my $c;
650 my $len = 0;
651
652 my $remainder;
653 while (1) {
654 @stack = (['', 0]) if ($#stack == -1);
655
656 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> remain<$remain>\n";
657 # If we are about to drop off the end, pull in more
658 # context.
659 if ($off >= $len) {
660 for (; $remain > 0; $line++) {
661 last if (!defined $lines[$line]);
662 next if ($lines[$line] =~ /^-/);
663 $remain--;
664 $loff = $len;
665 $blk .= $lines[$line] . "\n";
666 $len = length($blk);
667 $line++;
668 last;
669 }
670 # Bail if there is no further context.
671 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> off<$off> len<$len>\n";
672 if ($off >= $len) {
673 last;
674 }
675 }
676 $p = $c;
677 $c = substr($blk, $off, 1);
678 $remainder = substr($blk, $off);
679
680 #warn "CSB: c<$c> type<$type> level<$level> remainder<$remainder> coff_set<$coff_set>\n";
681
682 # Handle nested #if/#else.
683 if ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
684 push(@stack, [ $type, $level ]);
685 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
686 ($type, $level) = @{$stack[$#stack - 1]};
687 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*endif\b/) {
688 ($type, $level) = @{pop(@stack)};
689 }
690
691 # Statement ends at the ';' or a close '}' at the
692 # outermost level.
693 if ($level == 0 && $c eq ';') {
694 last;
695 }
696
697 # An else is really a conditional as long as its not else if
698 if ($level == 0 && $coff_set == 0 &&
699 (!defined($p) || $p =~ /(?:\s|\}|\+)/) &&
700 $remainder =~ /^(else)(?:\s|{)/ &&
701 $remainder !~ /^else\s+if\b/) {
702 $coff = $off + length($1) - 1;
703 $coff_set = 1;
704 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff> soff<$soff> 1<$1>\n";
705 #warn "[" . substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1) . "]\n";
706 }
707
708 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '(') && $c eq '(') {
709 $level++;
710 $type = '(';
711 }
712 if ($type eq '(' && $c eq ')') {
713 $level--;
714 $type = ($level != 0)? '(' : '';
715
716 if ($level == 0 && $coff < $soff) {
717 $coff = $off;
718 $coff_set = 1;
719 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff>\n";
720 }
721 }
722 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '{') && $c eq '{') {
723 $level++;
724 $type = '{';
725 }
726 if ($type eq '{' && $c eq '}') {
727 $level--;
728 $type = ($level != 0)? '{' : '';
729
730 if ($level == 0) {
731 if (substr($blk, $off + 1, 1) eq ';') {
732 $off++;
733 }
734 last;
735 }
736 }
737 $off++;
738 }
739 # We are truly at the end, so shuffle to the next line.
740 if ($off == $len) {
741 $loff = $len + 1;
742 $line++;
743 $remain--;
744 }
745
746 my $statement = substr($blk, $soff, $off - $soff + 1);
747 my $condition = substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1);
748
749 #warn "STATEMENT<$statement>\n";
750 #warn "CONDITION<$condition>\n";
751
752 #print "coff<$coff> soff<$off> loff<$loff>\n";
753
754 return ($statement, $condition,
755 $line, $remain + 1, $off - $loff + 1, $level);
756 }
757
758 sub statement_lines {
759 my ($stmt) = @_;
760
761 # Strip the diff line prefixes and rip blank lines at start and end.
762 $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
763 $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
764 $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
765
766 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
767
768 return $#stmt_lines + 2;
769 }
770
771 sub statement_rawlines {
772 my ($stmt) = @_;
773
774 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
775
776 return $#stmt_lines + 2;
777 }
778
779 sub statement_block_size {
780 my ($stmt) = @_;
781
782 $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
783 $stmt =~ s/^\s*{//;
784 $stmt =~ s/}\s*$//;
785 $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
786 $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
787
788 my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
789 my @stmt_statements = ($stmt =~ /;/g);
790
791 my $stmt_lines = $#stmt_lines + 2;
792 my $stmt_statements = $#stmt_statements + 1;
793
794 if ($stmt_lines > $stmt_statements) {
795 return $stmt_lines;
796 } else {
797 return $stmt_statements;
798 }
799 }
800
801 sub ctx_statement_full {
802 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
803 my ($statement, $condition, $level);
804
805 my (@chunks);
806
807 # Grab the first conditional/block pair.
808 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
809 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
810 #print "F: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
811 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
812 if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^\s*(?:\n[+-])?\s*(?:if|else|do)\b/s)) {
813 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
814 }
815
816 # Pull in the following conditional/block pairs and see if they
817 # could continue the statement.
818 for (;;) {
819 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
820 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
821 #print "C: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
822 last if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^(?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*(?:else|do)\b/s));
823 #print "C: push\n";
824 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
825 }
826
827 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
828 }
829
830 sub ctx_block_get {
831 my ($linenr, $remain, $outer, $open, $close, $off) = @_;
832 my $line;
833 my $start = $linenr - 1;
834 my $blk = '';
835 my @o;
836 my @c;
837 my @res = ();
838
839 my $level = 0;
840 my @stack = ($level);
841 for ($line = $start; $remain > 0; $line++) {
842 next if ($rawlines[$line] =~ /^-/);
843 $remain--;
844
845 $blk .= $rawlines[$line];
846
847 # Handle nested #if/#else.
848 if ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
849 push(@stack, $level);
850 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
851 $level = $stack[$#stack - 1];
852 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*endif\b/) {
853 $level = pop(@stack);
854 }
855
856 foreach my $c (split(//, $lines[$line])) {
857 ##print "C<$c>L<$level><$open$close>O<$off>\n";
858 if ($off > 0) {
859 $off--;
860 next;
861 }
862
863 if ($c eq $close && $level > 0) {
864 $level--;
865 last if ($level == 0);
866 } elsif ($c eq $open) {
867 $level++;
868 }
869 }
870
871 if (!$outer || $level <= 1) {
872 push(@res, $rawlines[$line]);
873 }
874
875 last if ($level == 0);
876 }
877
878 return ($level, @res);
879 }
880 sub ctx_block_outer {
881 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
882
883 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 1, '{', '}', 0);
884 return @r;
885 }
886 sub ctx_block {
887 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
888
889 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
890 return @r;
891 }
892 sub ctx_statement {
893 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
894
895 my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
896 return @r;
897 }
898 sub ctx_block_level {
899 my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
900
901 return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
902 }
903 sub ctx_statement_level {
904 my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
905
906 return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
907 }
908
909 sub ctx_locate_comment {
910 my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
911
912 # Catch a comment on the end of the line itself.
913 my ($current_comment) = ($rawlines[$end_line - 1] =~ m@.*(/\*.*\*/)\s*(?:\\\s*)?$@);
914 return $current_comment if (defined $current_comment);
915
916 # Look through the context and try and figure out if there is a
917 # comment.
918 my $in_comment = 0;
919 $current_comment = '';
920 for (my $linenr = $first_line; $linenr < $end_line; $linenr++) {
921 my $line = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
922 #warn " $line\n";
923 if ($linenr == $first_line and $line =~ m@^.\s*\*@) {
924 $in_comment = 1;
925 }
926 if ($line =~ m@/\*@) {
927 $in_comment = 1;
928 }
929 if (!$in_comment && $current_comment ne '') {
930 $current_comment = '';
931 }
932 $current_comment .= $line . "\n" if ($in_comment);
933 if ($line =~ m@\*/@) {
934 $in_comment = 0;
935 }
936 }
937
938 chomp($current_comment);
939 return($current_comment);
940 }
941 sub ctx_has_comment {
942 my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
943 my $cmt = ctx_locate_comment($first_line, $end_line);
944
945 ##print "LINE: $rawlines[$end_line - 1 ]\n";
946 ##print "CMMT: $cmt\n";
947
948 return ($cmt ne '');
949 }
950
951 sub raw_line {
952 my ($linenr, $cnt) = @_;
953
954 my $offset = $linenr - 1;
955 $cnt++;
956
957 my $line;
958 while ($cnt) {
959 $line = $rawlines[$offset++];
960 next if (defined($line) && $line =~ /^-/);
961 $cnt--;
962 }
963
964 return $line;
965 }
966
967 sub cat_vet {
968 my ($vet) = @_;
969 my ($res, $coded);
970
971 $res = '';
972 while ($vet =~ /([^[:cntrl:]]*)([[:cntrl:]]|$)/g) {
973 $res .= $1;
974 if ($2 ne '') {
975 $coded = sprintf("^%c", unpack('C', $2) + 64);
976 $res .= $coded;
977 }
978 }
979 $res =~ s/$/\$/;
980
981 return $res;
982 }
983
984 my $av_preprocessor = 0;
985 my $av_pending;
986 my @av_paren_type;
987 my $av_pend_colon;
988
989 sub annotate_reset {
990 $av_preprocessor = 0;
991 $av_pending = '_';
992 @av_paren_type = ('E');
993 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
994 }
995
996 sub annotate_values {
997 my ($stream, $type) = @_;
998
999 my $res;
1000 my $var = '_' x length($stream);
1001 my $cur = $stream;
1002
1003 print "$stream\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1004
1005 while (length($cur)) {
1006 @av_paren_type = ('E') if ($#av_paren_type < 0);
1007 print " <" . join('', @av_paren_type) .
1008 "> <$type> <$av_pending>" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1009 if ($cur =~ /^(\s+)/o) {
1010 print "WS($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1011 if ($1 =~ /\n/ && $av_preprocessor) {
1012 $type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1013 $av_preprocessor = 0;
1014 }
1015
1016 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\(\s*$Type\s*)\)/ && $av_pending eq '_') {
1017 print "CAST($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1018 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1019 $type = 'C';
1020
1021 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Type)\s*(?:$Ident|,|\)|\(|\s*$)/) {
1022 print "DECLARE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1023 $type = 'T';
1024
1025 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Modifier)\s*/) {
1026 print "MODIFIER($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1027 $type = 'T';
1028
1029 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*define\s*$Ident)(\(?)/o) {
1030 print "DEFINE($1,$2)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1031 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1032 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1033 if ($2 ne '') {
1034 $av_pending = 'N';
1035 }
1036 $type = 'E';
1037
1038 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:undef\s*$Ident|include\b))/o) {
1039 print "UNDEF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1040 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1041 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1042
1043 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:ifdef|ifndef|if))/o) {
1044 print "PRE_START($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1045 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1046
1047 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1048 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1049 $type = 'E';
1050
1051 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:else|elif))/o) {
1052 print "PRE_RESTART($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1053 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1054
1055 push(@av_paren_type, $av_paren_type[$#av_paren_type]);
1056
1057 $type = 'E';
1058
1059 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:endif))/o) {
1060 print "PRE_END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1061
1062 $av_preprocessor = 1;
1063
1064 # Assume all arms of the conditional end as this
1065 # one does, and continue as if the #endif was not here.
1066 pop(@av_paren_type);
1067 push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1068 $type = 'E';
1069
1070 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\\\n)/o) {
1071 print "PRECONT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1072
1073 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(__attribute__)\s*\(?/o) {
1074 print "ATTR($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1075 $av_pending = $type;
1076 $type = 'N';
1077
1078 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(sizeof)\s*(\()?/o) {
1079 print "SIZEOF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1080 if (defined $2) {
1081 $av_pending = 'V';
1082 }
1083 $type = 'N';
1084
1085 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(if|while|for)\b/o) {
1086 print "COND($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1087 $av_pending = 'E';
1088 $type = 'N';
1089
1090 } elsif ($cur =~/^(case)/o) {
1091 print "CASE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1092 $av_pend_colon = 'C';
1093 $type = 'N';
1094
1095 } elsif ($cur =~/^(return|else|goto|typeof|__typeof__)\b/o) {
1096 print "KEYWORD($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1097 $type = 'N';
1098
1099 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\()/o) {
1100 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1101 push(@av_paren_type, $av_pending);
1102 $av_pending = '_';
1103 $type = 'N';
1104
1105 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\))/o) {
1106 my $new_type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1107 if ($new_type ne '_') {
1108 $type = $new_type;
1109 print "PAREN('$1') -> $type\n"
1110 if ($dbg_values > 1);
1111 } else {
1112 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1113 }
1114
1115 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident)\s*\(/o) {
1116 print "FUNC($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1117 $type = 'V';
1118 $av_pending = 'V';
1119
1120 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident\s*):(?:\s*\d+\s*(,|=|;))?/) {
1121 if (defined $2 && $type eq 'C' || $type eq 'T') {
1122 $av_pend_colon = 'B';
1123 } elsif ($type eq 'E') {
1124 $av_pend_colon = 'L';
1125 }
1126 print "IDENT_COLON($1,$type>$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1127 $type = 'V';
1128
1129 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident|$Constant)/o) {
1130 print "IDENT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1131 $type = 'V';
1132
1133 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Assignment)/o) {
1134 print "ASSIGN($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1135 $type = 'N';
1136
1137 } elsif ($cur =~/^(;|{|})/) {
1138 print "END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1139 $type = 'E';
1140 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1141
1142 } elsif ($cur =~/^(,)/) {
1143 print "COMMA($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1144 $type = 'C';
1145
1146 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\?)/o) {
1147 print "QUESTION($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1148 $type = 'N';
1149
1150 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(:)/o) {
1151 print "COLON($1,$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1152
1153 substr($var, length($res), 1, $av_pend_colon);
1154 if ($av_pend_colon eq 'C' || $av_pend_colon eq 'L') {
1155 $type = 'E';
1156 } else {
1157 $type = 'N';
1158 }
1159 $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1160
1161 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\[)/o) {
1162 print "CLOSE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1163 $type = 'N';
1164
1165 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(-(?![->])|\+(?!\+)|\*|\&\&|\&)/o) {
1166 my $variant;
1167
1168 print "OPV($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1169 if ($type eq 'V') {
1170 $variant = 'B';
1171 } else {
1172 $variant = 'U';
1173 }
1174
1175 substr($var, length($res), 1, $variant);
1176 $type = 'N';
1177
1178 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Operators)/o) {
1179 print "OP($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1180 if ($1 ne '++' && $1 ne '--') {
1181 $type = 'N';
1182 }
1183
1184 } elsif ($cur =~ /(^.)/o) {
1185 print "C($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1186 }
1187 if (defined $1) {
1188 $cur = substr($cur, length($1));
1189 $res .= $type x length($1);
1190 }
1191 }
1192
1193 return ($res, $var);
1194 }
1195
1196 sub possible {
1197 my ($possible, $line) = @_;
1198 my $notPermitted = qr{(?:
1199 ^(?:
1200 $Modifier|
1201 $Storage|
1202 $Type|
1203 DEFINE_\S+
1204 )$|
1205 ^(?:
1206 goto|
1207 return|
1208 case|
1209 else|
1210 asm|__asm__|
1211 do
1212 )(?:\s|$)|
1213 ^(?:typedef|struct|enum)\b
1214 )}x;
1215 warn "CHECK<$possible> ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 2);
1216 if ($possible !~ $notPermitted) {
1217 # Check for modifiers.
1218 $possible =~ s/\s*$Storage\s*//g;
1219 $possible =~ s/\s*$Sparse\s*//g;
1220 if ($possible =~ /^\s*$/) {
1221
1222 } elsif ($possible =~ /\s/) {
1223 $possible =~ s/\s*$Type\s*//g;
1224 for my $modifier (split(' ', $possible)) {
1225 if ($modifier !~ $notPermitted) {
1226 warn "MODIFIER: $modifier ($possible) ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1227 push(@modifierList, $modifier);
1228 }
1229 }
1230
1231 } else {
1232 warn "POSSIBLE: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1233 push(@typeList, $possible);
1234 }
1235 build_types();
1236 } else {
1237 warn "NOTPOSS: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 1);
1238 }
1239 }
1240
1241 my $prefix = '';
1242
1243 sub show_type {
1244 return !defined $ignore_type{$_[0]};
1245 }
1246
1247 sub report {
1248 if (!show_type($_[1]) ||
1249 (defined $tst_only && $_[2] !~ /\Q$tst_only\E/)) {
1250 return 0;
1251 }
1252 my $line;
1253 if ($show_types) {
1254 $line = "$prefix$_[0]:$_[1]: $_[2]\n";
1255 } else {
1256 $line = "$prefix$_[0]: $_[2]\n";
1257 }
1258 $line = (split('\n', $line))[0] . "\n" if ($terse);
1259
1260 push(our @report, $line);
1261
1262 return 1;
1263 }
1264 sub report_dump {
1265 our @report;
1266 }
1267
1268 sub ERROR {
1269 if (report("ERROR", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1270 our $clean = 0;
1271 our $cnt_error++;
1272 }
1273 }
1274 sub WARN {
1275 if (report("WARNING", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1276 our $clean = 0;
1277 our $cnt_warn++;
1278 }
1279 }
1280 sub CHK {
1281 if ($check && report("CHECK", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1282 our $clean = 0;
1283 our $cnt_chk++;
1284 }
1285 }
1286
1287 sub check_absolute_file {
1288 my ($absolute, $herecurr) = @_;
1289 my $file = $absolute;
1290
1291 ##print "absolute<$absolute>\n";
1292
1293 # See if any suffix of this path is a path within the tree.
1294 while ($file =~ s@^[^/]*/@@) {
1295 if (-f "$root/$file") {
1296 ##print "file<$file>\n";
1297 last;
1298 }
1299 }
1300 if (! -f _) {
1301 return 0;
1302 }
1303
1304 # It is, so see if the prefix is acceptable.
1305 my $prefix = $absolute;
1306 substr($prefix, -length($file)) = '';
1307
1308 ##print "prefix<$prefix>\n";
1309 if ($prefix ne ".../") {
1310 WARN("USE_RELATIVE_PATH",
1311 "use relative pathname instead of absolute in changelog text\n" . $herecurr);
1312 }
1313 }
1314
1315 sub process {
1316 my $filename = shift;
1317
1318 my $linenr=0;
1319 my $prevline="";
1320 my $prevrawline="";
1321 my $stashline="";
1322 my $stashrawline="";
1323
1324 my $length;
1325 my $indent;
1326 my $previndent=0;
1327 my $stashindent=0;
1328
1329 our $clean = 1;
1330 my $signoff = 0;
1331 my $is_patch = 0;
1332
1333 our @report = ();
1334 our $cnt_lines = 0;
1335 our $cnt_error = 0;
1336 our $cnt_warn = 0;
1337 our $cnt_chk = 0;
1338
1339 # Trace the real file/line as we go.
1340 my $realfile = '';
1341 my $realline = 0;
1342 my $realcnt = 0;
1343 my $here = '';
1344 my $in_comment = 0;
1345 my $comment_edge = 0;
1346 my $first_line = 0;
1347 my $p1_prefix = '';
1348
1349 my $prev_values = 'E';
1350
1351 # suppression flags
1352 my %suppress_ifbraces;
1353 my %suppress_whiletrailers;
1354 my %suppress_export;
1355
1356 # Pre-scan the patch sanitizing the lines.
1357 # Pre-scan the patch looking for any __setup documentation.
1358 #
1359 my @setup_docs = ();
1360 my $setup_docs = 0;
1361
1362 sanitise_line_reset();
1363 my $line;
1364 foreach my $rawline (@rawlines) {
1365 $linenr++;
1366 $line = $rawline;
1367
1368 if ($rawline=~/^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1369 $setup_docs = 0;
1370 if ($1 =~ m@Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt$@) {
1371 $setup_docs = 1;
1372 }
1373 #next;
1374 }
1375 if ($rawline=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1376 $realline=$1-1;
1377 if (defined $2) {
1378 $realcnt=$3+1;
1379 } else {
1380 $realcnt=1+1;
1381 }
1382 $in_comment = 0;
1383
1384 # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment. Run
1385 # the context looking for a comment "edge". If this
1386 # edge is a close comment then we must be in a comment
1387 # at context start.
1388 my $edge;
1389 my $cnt = $realcnt;
1390 for (my $ln = $linenr + 1; $cnt > 0; $ln++) {
1391 next if (defined $rawlines[$ln - 1] &&
1392 $rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ /^-/);
1393 $cnt--;
1394 #print "RAW<$rawlines[$ln - 1]>\n";
1395 last if (!defined $rawlines[$ln - 1]);
1396 if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ m@(/\*|\*/)@ &&
1397 $rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m@"[^"]*(?:/\*|\*/)[^"]*"@) {
1398 ($edge) = $1;
1399 last;
1400 }
1401 }
1402 if (defined $edge && $edge eq '*/') {
1403 $in_comment = 1;
1404 }
1405
1406 # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment. If this
1407 # is the start of a diff block and this line starts
1408 # ' *' then it is very likely a comment.
1409 if (!defined $edge &&
1410 $rawlines[$linenr] =~ m@^.\s*(?:\*\*+| \*)(?:\s|$)@)
1411 {
1412 $in_comment = 1;
1413 }
1414
1415 ##print "COMMENT:$in_comment edge<$edge> $rawline\n";
1416 sanitise_line_reset($in_comment);
1417
1418 } elsif ($realcnt && $rawline =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/) {
1419 # Standardise the strings and chars within the input to
1420 # simplify matching -- only bother with positive lines.
1421 $line = sanitise_line($rawline);
1422 }
1423 push(@lines, $line);
1424
1425 if ($realcnt > 1) {
1426 $realcnt-- if ($line =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/);
1427 } else {
1428 $realcnt = 0;
1429 }
1430
1431 #print "==>$rawline\n";
1432 #print "-->$line\n";
1433
1434 if ($setup_docs && $line =~ /^\+/) {
1435 push(@setup_docs, $line);
1436 }
1437 }
1438
1439 $prefix = '';
1440
1441 $realcnt = 0;
1442 $linenr = 0;
1443 foreach my $line (@lines) {
1444 $linenr++;
1445
1446 my $rawline = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
1447
1448 #extract the line range in the file after the patch is applied
1449 if ($line=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1450 $is_patch = 1;
1451 $first_line = $linenr + 1;
1452 $realline=$1-1;
1453 if (defined $2) {
1454 $realcnt=$3+1;
1455 } else {
1456 $realcnt=1+1;
1457 }
1458 annotate_reset();
1459 $prev_values = 'E';
1460
1461 %suppress_ifbraces = ();
1462 %suppress_whiletrailers = ();
1463 %suppress_export = ();
1464 next;
1465
1466 # track the line number as we move through the hunk, note that
1467 # new versions of GNU diff omit the leading space on completely
1468 # blank context lines so we need to count that too.
1469 } elsif ($line =~ /^( |\+|$)/) {
1470 $realline++;
1471 $realcnt-- if ($realcnt != 0);
1472
1473 # Measure the line length and indent.
1474 ($length, $indent) = line_stats($rawline);
1475
1476 # Track the previous line.
1477 ($prevline, $stashline) = ($stashline, $line);
1478 ($previndent, $stashindent) = ($stashindent, $indent);
1479 ($prevrawline, $stashrawline) = ($stashrawline, $rawline);
1480
1481 #warn "line<$line>\n";
1482
1483 } elsif ($realcnt == 1) {
1484 $realcnt--;
1485 }
1486
1487 my $hunk_line = ($realcnt != 0);
1488
1489 #make up the handle for any error we report on this line
1490 $prefix = "$filename:$realline: " if ($emacs && $file);
1491 $prefix = "$filename:$linenr: " if ($emacs && !$file);
1492
1493 $here = "#$linenr: " if (!$file);
1494 $here = "#$realline: " if ($file);
1495
1496 # extract the filename as it passes
1497 if ($line =~ /^diff --git.*?(\S+)$/) {
1498 $realfile = $1;
1499 $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1500
1501 } elsif ($line =~ /^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1502 $realfile = $1;
1503 $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1504
1505 $p1_prefix = $1;
1506 if (!$file && $tree && $p1_prefix ne '' &&
1507 -e "$root/$p1_prefix") {
1508 WARN("PATCH_PREFIX",
1509 "patch prefix '$p1_prefix' exists, appears to be a -p0 patch\n");
1510 }
1511
1512 if ($realfile =~ m@^include/asm/@) {
1513 ERROR("MODIFIED_INCLUDE_ASM",
1514 "do not modify files in include/asm, change architecture specific files in include/asm-<architecture>\n" . "$here$rawline\n");
1515 }
1516 next;
1517 }
1518
1519 $here .= "FILE: $realfile:$realline:" if ($realcnt != 0);
1520
1521 my $hereline = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1522 my $herecurr = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1523 my $hereprev = "$here\n$prevrawline\n$rawline\n";
1524
1525 $cnt_lines++ if ($realcnt != 0);
1526
1527 # Check for incorrect file permissions
1528 if ($line =~ /^new (file )?mode.*[7531]\d{0,2}$/) {
1529 my $permhere = $here . "FILE: $realfile\n";
1530 if ($realfile =~ /(Makefile|Kconfig|\.c|\.h|\.S|\.tmpl)$/) {
1531 ERROR("EXECUTE_PERMISSIONS",
1532 "do not set execute permissions for source files\n" . $permhere);
1533 }
1534 }
1535
1536 # Check the patch for a signoff:
1537 if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:/i) {
1538 $signoff++;
1539 }
1540
1541 # Check signature styles
1542 if ($line =~ /^(\s*)($signature_tags)(\s*)(.*)/) {
1543 my $space_before = $1;
1544 my $sign_off = $2;
1545 my $space_after = $3;
1546 my $email = $4;
1547 my $ucfirst_sign_off = ucfirst(lc($sign_off));
1548
1549 if (defined $space_before && $space_before ne "") {
1550 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1551 "Do not use whitespace before $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1552 }
1553 if ($sign_off =~ /-by:$/i && $sign_off ne $ucfirst_sign_off) {
1554 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1555 "'$ucfirst_sign_off' is the preferred signature form\n" . $herecurr);
1556 }
1557 if (!defined $space_after || $space_after ne " ") {
1558 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1559 "Use a single space after $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1560 }
1561
1562 my ($email_name, $email_address, $comment) = parse_email($email);
1563 my $suggested_email = format_email(($email_name, $email_address));
1564 if ($suggested_email eq "") {
1565 ERROR("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1566 "Unrecognized email address: '$email'\n" . $herecurr);
1567 } else {
1568 my $dequoted = $suggested_email;
1569 $dequoted =~ s/^"//;
1570 $dequoted =~ s/" </ </;
1571 # Don't force email to have quotes
1572 # Allow just an angle bracketed address
1573 if ("$dequoted$comment" ne $email &&
1574 "<$email_address>$comment" ne $email &&
1575 "$suggested_email$comment" ne $email) {
1576 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1577 "email address '$email' might be better as '$suggested_email$comment'\n" . $herecurr);
1578 }
1579 }
1580 }
1581
1582 # Check for wrappage within a valid hunk of the file
1583 if ($realcnt != 0 && $line !~ m{^(?:\+|-| |\\ No newline|$)}) {
1584 ERROR("CORRUPTED_PATCH",
1585 "patch seems to be corrupt (line wrapped?)\n" .
1586 $herecurr) if (!$emitted_corrupt++);
1587 }
1588
1589 # Check for absolute kernel paths.
1590 if ($tree) {
1591 while ($line =~ m{(?:^|\s)(/\S*)}g) {
1592 my $file = $1;
1593
1594 if ($file =~ m{^(.*?)(?::\d+)+:?$} &&
1595 check_absolute_file($1, $herecurr)) {
1596 #
1597 } else {
1598 check_absolute_file($file, $herecurr);
1599 }
1600 }
1601 }
1602
1603 # UTF-8 regex found at http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8.en.php
1604 if (($realfile =~ /^$/ || $line =~ /^\+/) &&
1605 $rawline !~ m/^$UTF8*$/) {
1606 my ($utf8_prefix) = ($rawline =~ /^($UTF8*)/);
1607
1608 my $blank = copy_spacing($rawline);
1609 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, length($utf8_prefix)) . "^";
1610 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
1611
1612 CHK("INVALID_UTF8",
1613 "Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8\n" . $hereptr);
1614 }
1615
1616 # ignore non-hunk lines and lines being removed
1617 next if (!$hunk_line || $line =~ /^-/);
1618
1619 #trailing whitespace
1620 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\015/) {
1621 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1622 ERROR("DOS_LINE_ENDINGS",
1623 "DOS line endings\n" . $herevet);
1624
1625 } elsif ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\S\s+$/ || $rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/) {
1626 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1627 ERROR("TRAILING_WHITESPACE",
1628 "trailing whitespace\n" . $herevet);
1629 $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1630 }
1631
1632 # check for Kconfig help text having a real description
1633 # Only applies when adding the entry originally, after that we do not have
1634 # sufficient context to determine whether it is indeed long enough.
1635 if ($realfile =~ /Kconfig/ &&
1636 $line =~ /\+\s*(?:---)?help(?:---)?$/) {
1637 my $length = 0;
1638 my $cnt = $realcnt;
1639 my $ln = $linenr + 1;
1640 my $f;
1641 my $is_end = 0;
1642 while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1]) {
1643 $f = $lines[$ln - 1];
1644 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1645 $is_end = $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^\+/;
1646 $ln++;
1647
1648 next if ($f =~ /^-/);
1649 $f =~ s/^.//;
1650 $f =~ s/#.*//;
1651 $f =~ s/^\s+//;
1652 next if ($f =~ /^$/);
1653 if ($f =~ /^\s*config\s/) {
1654 $is_end = 1;
1655 last;
1656 }
1657 $length++;
1658 }
1659 WARN("CONFIG_DESCRIPTION",
1660 "please write a paragraph that describes the config symbol fully\n" . $herecurr) if ($is_end && $length < 4);
1661 #print "is_end<$is_end> length<$length>\n";
1662 }
1663
1664 # check we are in a valid source file if not then ignore this hunk
1665 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|s|S|pl|sh)$/);
1666
1667 #120 column limit
1668 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && $prevrawline !~ /\/\*\*/ &&
1669 $rawline !~ /^.\s*\*\s*\@$Ident\s/ &&
1670 !($line =~ /^\+\s*$logFunctions\s*\(\s*(?:(KERN_\S+\s*|[^"]*))?"[X\t]*"\s*(?:|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/ ||
1671 $line =~ /^\+\s*"[^"]*"\s*(?:\s*|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/) &&
1672 $length > 120)
1673 {
1674 WARN("LONG_LINE",
1675 "line over 120 characters\n" . $herecurr);
1676 }
1677
1678 # check for spaces before a quoted newline
1679 if ($rawline =~ /^.*\".*\s\\n/) {
1680 WARN("QUOTED_WHITESPACE_BEFORE_NEWLINE",
1681 "unnecessary whitespace before a quoted newline\n" . $herecurr);
1682 }
1683
1684 # check for adding lines without a newline.
1685 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && defined $lines[$linenr] && $lines[$linenr] =~ /^\\ No newline at end of file/) {
1686 WARN("MISSING_EOF_NEWLINE",
1687 "adding a line without newline at end of file\n" . $herecurr);
1688 }
1689
1690 # Blackfin: use hi/lo macros
1691 if ($realfile =~ m@arch/blackfin/.*\.S$@) {
1692 if ($line =~ /\.[lL][[:space:]]*=.*&[[:space:]]*0x[fF][fF][fF][fF]/) {
1693 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1694 ERROR("LO_MACRO",
1695 "use the LO() macro, not (... & 0xFFFF)\n" . $herevet);
1696 }
1697 if ($line =~ /\.[hH][[:space:]]*=.*>>[[:space:]]*16/) {
1698 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1699 ERROR("HI_MACRO",
1700 "use the HI() macro, not (... >> 16)\n" . $herevet);
1701 }
1702 }
1703
1704 # check we are in a valid source file C or perl if not then ignore this hunk
1705 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|pl)$/);
1706
1707 # at the beginning of a line any tabs must come first and anything
1708 # more than 8 must use tabs.
1709 if ($rawline =~ /^\+\s* \t\s*\S/ ||
1710 $rawline =~ /^\+\s* \s*/) {
1711 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1712 ERROR("CODE_INDENT",
1713 "code indent should use tabs where possible\n" . $herevet);
1714 $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1715 }
1716
1717 # check for space before tabs.
1718 if ($rawline =~ /^\+/ && $rawline =~ / \t/) {
1719 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1720 WARN("SPACE_BEFORE_TAB",
1721 "please, no space before tabs\n" . $herevet);
1722 }
1723
1724 # check for spaces at the beginning of a line.
1725 # Exceptions:
1726 # 1) within comments
1727 # 2) indented preprocessor commands
1728 # 3) hanging labels
1729 if ($rawline =~ /^\+ / && $line !~ /\+ *(?:$;|#|$Ident:)/) {
1730 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1731 WARN("LEADING_SPACE",
1732 "please, no spaces at the start of a line\n" . $herevet);
1733 }
1734
1735 # check we are in a valid C source file if not then ignore this hunk
1736 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c)$/);
1737
1738 # check for RCS/CVS revision markers
1739 if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\$(Revision|Log|Id)(?:\$|)/) {
1740 WARN("CVS_KEYWORD",
1741 "CVS style keyword markers, these will _not_ be updated\n". $herecurr);
1742 }
1743
1744 # Blackfin: don't use __builtin_bfin_[cs]sync
1745 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_csync/) {
1746 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1747 ERROR("CSYNC",
1748 "use the CSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1749 }
1750 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_ssync/) {
1751 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1752 ERROR("SSYNC",
1753 "use the SSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1754 }
1755
1756 # Check for potential 'bare' types
1757 my ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next,
1758 $realline_next);
1759 if ($realcnt && $line =~ /.\s*\S/) {
1760 ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
1761 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1762 $stat =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1763 $cond =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1764
1765 # Find the real next line.
1766 $realline_next = $line_nr_next;
1767 if (defined $realline_next &&
1768 (!defined $lines[$realline_next - 1] ||
1769 substr($lines[$realline_next - 1], $off_next) =~ /^\s*$/)) {
1770 $realline_next++;
1771 }
1772
1773 my $s = $stat;
1774 $s =~ s/{.*$//s;
1775
1776 # Ignore goto labels.
1777 if ($s =~ /$Ident:\*$/s) {
1778
1779 # Ignore functions being called
1780 } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*$Ident\s*\(/s) {
1781
1782 } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*else\b/s) {
1783
1784 # declarations always start with types
1785 } elsif ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^.\s*(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?((?:\s*$Ident)+?)\b(?:\s+$Sparse)?\s*\**\s*(?:$Ident|\(\*[^\)]*\))(?:\s*$Modifier)?\s*(?:;|=|,|\()/s) {
1786 my $type = $1;
1787 $type =~ s/\s+/ /g;
1788 possible($type, "A:" . $s);
1789
1790 # definitions in global scope can only start with types
1791 } elsif ($s =~ /^.(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?($Ident)\b\s*(?!:)/s) {
1792 possible($1, "B:" . $s);
1793 }
1794
1795 # any (foo ... *) is a pointer cast, and foo is a type
1796 while ($s =~ /\(($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*[\s\*]+\s*\)/sg) {
1797 possible($1, "C:" . $s);
1798 }
1799
1800 # Check for any sort of function declaration.
1801 # int foo(something bar, other baz);
1802 # void (*store_gdt)(x86_descr_ptr *);
1803 if ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^(.(?:typedef\s*)?(?:(?:$Storage|$Inline)\s*)*\s*$Type\s*(?:\b$Ident|\(\*\s*$Ident\))\s*)\(/s) {
1804 my ($name_len) = length($1);
1805
1806 my $ctx = $s;
1807 substr($ctx, 0, $name_len + 1, '');
1808 $ctx =~ s/\)[^\)]*$//;
1809
1810 for my $arg (split(/\s*,\s*/, $ctx)) {
1811 if ($arg =~ /^(?:const\s+)?($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*\s*\**\s*(:?\b$Ident)?$/s || $arg =~ /^($Ident)$/s) {
1812
1813 possible($1, "D:" . $s);
1814 }
1815 }
1816 }
1817
1818 }
1819
1820 #
1821 # Checks which may be anchored in the context.
1822 #
1823
1824 # Check for switch () and associated case and default
1825 # statements should be at the same indent.
1826 # if ($line=~/\bswitch\s*\(.*\)/) {
1827 # my $err = '';
1828 # my $sep = '';
1829 # my @ctx = ctx_block_outer($linenr, $realcnt);
1830 # shift(@ctx);
1831 # for my $ctx (@ctx) {
1832 # my ($clen, $cindent) = line_stats($ctx);
1833 # if ($ctx =~ /^\+\s*(case\s+|default:)/ &&
1834 # $indent != $cindent) {
1835 # $err .= "$sep$ctx\n";
1836 # $sep = '';
1837 # } else {
1838 # $sep = "[...]\n";
1839 # }
1840 # }
1841 # if ($err ne '') {
1842 # ERROR("SWITCH_CASE_INDENT_LEVEL",
1843 # "switch and case should be at the same indent\n$hereline$err");
1844 # }
1845 # }
1846
1847 # if/while/etc brace do not go on next line, unless defining a do while loop,
1848 # or if that brace on the next line is for something else
1849 if ($line =~ /(.*)\b((?:if|while|for|switch)\s*\(|do\b|else\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\#/) {
1850 my $pre_ctx = "$1$2";
1851
1852 my ($level, @ctx) = ctx_statement_level($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1853 my $ctx_cnt = $realcnt - $#ctx - 1;
1854 my $ctx = join("\n", @ctx);
1855
1856 my $ctx_ln = $linenr;
1857 my $ctx_skip = $realcnt;
1858
1859 while ($ctx_skip > $ctx_cnt || ($ctx_skip == $ctx_cnt &&
1860 defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] &&
1861 $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^-/)) {
1862 ##print "SKIP<$ctx_skip> CNT<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1863 $ctx_skip-- if (!defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] || $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1864 $ctx_ln++;
1865 }
1866
1867 #print "realcnt<$realcnt> ctx_cnt<$ctx_cnt>\n";
1868 #print "pre<$pre_ctx>\nline<$line>\nctx<$ctx>\nnext<$lines[$ctx_ln - 1]>\n";
1869
1870 if ($ctx !~ /{\s*/ && defined($lines[$ctx_ln -1]) && $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^\+\s*{/) {
1871 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
1872 "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" .
1873 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1874 }
1875 if ($level == 0 && $pre_ctx !~ /}\s*while\s*\($/ &&
1876 $ctx =~ /\)\s*\;\s*$/ &&
1877 defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1])
1878 {
1879 my ($nlength, $nindent) = line_stats($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]);
1880 if ($nindent > $indent) {
1881 WARN("TRAILING_SEMICOLON",
1882 "trailing semicolon indicates no statements, indent implies otherwise\n" .
1883 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
1884 }
1885 }
1886 }
1887
1888 # Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
1889 if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
1890 my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
1891
1892 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
1893
1894 # Make sure we remove the line prefixes as we have
1895 # none on the first line, and are going to readd them
1896 # where necessary.
1897 $s =~ s/\n./\n/gs;
1898
1899 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
1900 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
1901 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
1902
1903 # We want to check the first line inside the block
1904 # starting at the end of the conditional, so remove:
1905 # 1) any blank line termination
1906 # 2) any opening brace { on end of the line
1907 # 3) any do (...) {
1908 my $continuation = 0;
1909 my $check = 0;
1910 $s =~ s/^.*\bdo\b//;
1911 $s =~ s/^\s*{//;
1912 if ($s =~ s/^\s*\\//) {
1913 $continuation = 1;
1914 }
1915 if ($s =~ s/^\s*?\n//) {
1916 $check = 1;
1917 $cond_lines++;
1918 }
1919
1920 # Also ignore a loop construct at the end of a
1921 # preprocessor statement.
1922 if (($prevline =~ /^.\s*#\s*define\s/ ||
1923 $prevline =~ /\\\s*$/) && $continuation == 0) {
1924 $check = 0;
1925 }
1926
1927 my $cond_ptr = -1;
1928 $continuation = 0;
1929 while ($cond_ptr != $cond_lines) {
1930 $cond_ptr = $cond_lines;
1931
1932 # If we see an #else/#elif then the code
1933 # is not linear.
1934 if ($s =~ /^\s*\#\s*(?:else|elif)/) {
1935 $check = 0;
1936 }
1937
1938 # Ignore:
1939 # 1) blank lines, they should be at 0,
1940 # 2) preprocessor lines, and
1941 # 3) labels.
1942 if ($continuation ||
1943 $s =~ /^\s*?\n/ ||
1944 $s =~ /^\s*#\s*?/ ||
1945 $s =~ /^\s*$Ident\s*:/) {
1946 $continuation = ($s =~ /^.*?\\\n/) ? 1 : 0;
1947 if ($s =~ s/^.*?\n//) {
1948 $cond_lines++;
1949 }
1950 }
1951 }
1952
1953 my (undef, $sindent) = line_stats("+" . $s);
1954 my $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines);
1955
1956 # Check if either of these lines are modified, else
1957 # this is not this patch's fault.
1958 if (!defined($stat_real) ||
1959 $stat !~ /^\+/ && $stat_real !~ /^\+/) {
1960 $check = 0;
1961 }
1962 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
1963 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
1964 }
1965
1966 #print "line<$line> prevline<$prevline> indent<$indent> sindent<$sindent> check<$check> continuation<$continuation> s<$s> cond_lines<$cond_lines> stat_real<$stat_real> stat<$stat>\n";
1967
1968 if ($check && (($sindent % 4) != 0 ||
1969 ($sindent <= $indent && $s ne ''))) {
1970 WARN("SUSPECT_CODE_INDENT",
1971 "suspect code indent for conditional statements ($indent, $sindent)\n" . $herecurr . "$stat_real\n");
1972 }
1973 }
1974
1975 # Track the 'values' across context and added lines.
1976 my $opline = $line; $opline =~ s/^./ /;
1977 my ($curr_values, $curr_vars) =
1978 annotate_values($opline . "\n", $prev_values);
1979 $curr_values = $prev_values . $curr_values;
1980 if ($dbg_values) {
1981 my $outline = $opline; $outline =~ s/\t/ /g;
1982 print "$linenr > .$outline\n";
1983 print "$linenr > $curr_values\n";
1984 print "$linenr > $curr_vars\n";
1985 }
1986 $prev_values = substr($curr_values, -1);
1987
1988 #ignore lines not being added
1989 if ($line=~/^[^\+]/) {next;}
1990
1991 # TEST: allow direct testing of the type matcher.
1992 if ($dbg_type) {
1993 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Declare\s*$/) {
1994 ERROR("TEST_TYPE",
1995 "TEST: is type\n" . $herecurr);
1996 } elsif ($dbg_type > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Declare)/) {
1997 ERROR("TEST_NOT_TYPE",
1998 "TEST: is not type ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
1999 }
2000 next;
2001 }
2002 # TEST: allow direct testing of the attribute matcher.
2003 if ($dbg_attr) {
2004 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Modifier\s*$/) {
2005 ERROR("TEST_ATTR",
2006 "TEST: is attr\n" . $herecurr);
2007 } elsif ($dbg_attr > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Modifier)/) {
2008 ERROR("TEST_NOT_ATTR",
2009 "TEST: is not attr ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
2010 }
2011 next;
2012 }
2013
2014 # check for initialisation to aggregates open brace on the next line
2015 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2016 $prevline =~ /(?:^|[^=])=\s*$/) {
2017 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2018 "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
2019 }
2020
2021 #
2022 # Checks which are anchored on the added line.
2023 #
2024
2025 # check for malformed paths in #include statements (uses RAW line)
2026 if ($rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s+[<"](.*)[">]}) {
2027 my $path = $1;
2028 if ($path =~ m{//}) {
2029 ERROR("MALFORMED_INCLUDE",
2030 "malformed #include filename\n" .
2031 $herecurr);
2032 }
2033 }
2034
2035 # no C99 // comments
2036 if ($line =~ m{//}) {
2037 ERROR("C99_COMMENTS",
2038 "do not use C99 // comments\n" . $herecurr);
2039 }
2040 # Remove C99 comments.
2041 $line =~ s@//.*@@;
2042 $opline =~ s@//.*@@;
2043
2044 # EXPORT_SYMBOL should immediately follow the thing it is exporting, consider
2045 # the whole statement.
2046 #print "APW <$lines[$realline_next - 1]>\n";
2047 if (defined $realline_next &&
2048 exists $lines[$realline_next - 1] &&
2049 !defined $suppress_export{$realline_next} &&
2050 ($lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2051 $lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2052 # Handle definitions which produce identifiers with
2053 # a prefix:
2054 # XXX(foo);
2055 # EXPORT_SYMBOL(something_foo);
2056 my $name = $1;
2057 if ($stat =~ /^.([A-Z_]+)\s*\(\s*($Ident)/ &&
2058 $name =~ /^${Ident}_$2/) {
2059 #print "FOO C name<$name>\n";
2060 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2061
2062 } elsif ($stat !~ /(?:
2063 \n.}\s*$|
2064 ^.DEFINE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2065 ^.DECLARE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2066 ^.LIST_HEAD\(\Q$name\E\)|
2067 ^.(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type\s*\(\s*\*\s*\Q$name\E\s*\)\s*\(|
2068 \b\Q$name\E(?:\s+$Attribute)*\s*(?:;|=|\[|\()
2069 )/x) {
2070 #print "FOO A<$lines[$realline_next - 1]> stat<$stat> name<$name>\n";
2071 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 2;
2072 } else {
2073 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2074 }
2075 }
2076 if (!defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2077 $prevline =~ /^.\s*$/ &&
2078 ($line =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2079 $line =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2080 #print "FOO B <$lines[$linenr - 1]>\n";
2081 $suppress_export{$linenr} = 2;
2082 }
2083 if (defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2084 $suppress_export{$linenr} == 2) {
2085 WARN("EXPORT_SYMBOL",
2086 "EXPORT_SYMBOL(foo); should immediately follow its function/variable\n" . $herecurr);
2087 }
2088
2089 # check for global initialisers.
2090 if ($line =~ /^.$Type\s*$Ident\s*(?:\s+$Modifier)*\s*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2091 ERROR("GLOBAL_INITIALISERS",
2092 "do not initialise globals to 0 or NULL\n" .
2093 $herecurr);
2094 }
2095 # check for static initialisers.
2096 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s.*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2097 ERROR("INITIALISED_STATIC",
2098 "do not initialise statics to 0 or NULL\n" .
2099 $herecurr);
2100 }
2101
2102 # check for static const char * arrays.
2103 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+const\s+char\s*\*\s*(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*/) {
2104 WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2105 "static const char * array should probably be static const char * const\n" .
2106 $herecurr);
2107 }
2108
2109 # check for static char foo[] = "bar" declarations.
2110 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+char\s+(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*"/) {
2111 WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2112 "static char array declaration should probably be static const char\n" .
2113 $herecurr);
2114 }
2115
2116 # check for declarations of struct pci_device_id
2117 if ($line =~ /\bstruct\s+pci_device_id\s+\w+\s*\[\s*\]\s*\=\s*\{/) {
2118 WARN("DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE",
2119 "Use DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE for struct pci_device_id\n" . $herecurr);
2120 }
2121
2122 # check for new typedefs, only function parameters and sparse annotations
2123 # make sense.
2124 # if ($line =~ /\btypedef\s/ &&
2125 # $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s*\(\s*\*?$Ident\s*\)\s*\(/ &&
2126 # $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s+$Ident\s*\(/ &&
2127 # $line !~ /\b$typeTypedefs\b/ &&
2128 # $line !~ /\b__bitwise(?:__|)\b/) {
2129 # WARN("NEW_TYPEDEFS",
2130 # "do not add new typedefs\n" . $herecurr);
2131 # }
2132
2133 # * goes on variable not on type
2134 # (char*[ const])
2135 if ($line =~ m{\($NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)\)}) {
2136 my ($from, $to) = ($1, $1);
2137
2138 # Should start with a space.
2139 $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2140 # Should not end with a space.
2141 $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2142 # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2143 while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2144 }
2145
2146 #print "from<$from> to<$to>\n";
2147 if ($from ne $to) {
2148 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2149 "\"(foo$from)\" should be \"(foo$to)\"\n" . $herecurr);
2150 }
2151 } elsif ($line =~ m{\b$NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)($Ident)}) {
2152 my ($from, $to, $ident) = ($1, $1, $2);
2153
2154 # Should start with a space.
2155 $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2156 # Should not end with a space.
2157 $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2158 # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2159 while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2160 }
2161 # Modifiers should have spaces.
2162 $to =~ s/(\b$Modifier$)/$1 /;
2163
2164 #print "from<$from> to<$to> ident<$ident>\n";
2165 if ($from ne $to && $ident !~ /^$Modifier$/) {
2166 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2167 "\"foo${from}bar\" should be \"foo${to}bar\"\n" . $herecurr);
2168 }
2169 }
2170
2171 # # no BUG() or BUG_ON()
2172 # if ($line =~ /\b(BUG|BUG_ON)\b/) {
2173 # print "Try to use WARN_ON & Recovery code rather than BUG() or BUG_ON()\n";
2174 # print "$herecurr";
2175 # $clean = 0;
2176 # }
2177
2178 if ($line =~ /\bLINUX_VERSION_CODE\b/) {
2179 WARN("LINUX_VERSION_CODE",
2180 "LINUX_VERSION_CODE should be avoided, code should be for the version to which it is merged\n" . $herecurr);
2181 }
2182
2183 # check for uses of printk_ratelimit
2184 if ($line =~ /\bprintk_ratelimit\s*\(/) {
2185 WARN("PRINTK_RATELIMITED",
2186 "Prefer printk_ratelimited or pr_<level>_ratelimited to printk_ratelimit\n" . $herecurr);
2187 }
2188
2189 # printk should use KERN_* levels. Note that follow on printk's on the
2190 # same line do not need a level, so we use the current block context
2191 # to try and find and validate the current printk. In summary the current
2192 # printk includes all preceding printk's which have no newline on the end.
2193 # we assume the first bad printk is the one to report.
2194 if ($line =~ /\bprintk\((?!KERN_)\s*"/) {
2195 my $ok = 0;
2196 for (my $ln = $linenr - 1; $ln >= $first_line; $ln--) {
2197 #print "CHECK<$lines[$ln - 1]\n";
2198 # we have a preceding printk if it ends
2199 # with "\n" ignore it, else it is to blame
2200 if ($lines[$ln - 1] =~ m{\bprintk\(}) {
2201 if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m{\\n"}) {
2202 $ok = 1;
2203 }
2204 last;
2205 }
2206 }
2207 if ($ok == 0) {
2208 WARN("PRINTK_WITHOUT_KERN_LEVEL",
2209 "printk() should include KERN_ facility level\n" . $herecurr);
2210 }
2211 }
2212
2213 # function brace can't be on same line, except for #defines of do while,
2214 # or if closed on same line
2215 if (($line=~/$Type\s*$Ident\(.*\).*\s{/) and
2216 !($line=~/\#\s*define.*do\s{/) and !($line=~/}/)) {
2217 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2218 "open brace '{' following function declarations go on the next line\n" . $herecurr);
2219 }
2220
2221 # open braces for enum, union and struct go on the same line.
2222 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2223 $prevline =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?\s*$/) {
2224 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2225 "open brace '{' following $1 go on the same line\n" . $hereprev);
2226 }
2227
2228 # missing space after union, struct or enum definition
2229 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?(?:\s+$Ident)?[=\{]/) {
2230 WARN("SPACING",
2231 "missing space after $1 definition\n" . $herecurr);
2232 }
2233
2234 # check for spacing round square brackets; allowed:
2235 # 1. with a type on the left -- int [] a;
2236 # 2. at the beginning of a line for slice initialisers -- [0...10] = 5,
2237 # 3. inside a curly brace -- = { [0...10] = 5 }
2238 while ($line =~ /(.*?\s)\[/g) {
2239 my ($where, $prefix) = ($-[1], $1);
2240 if ($prefix !~ /$Type\s+$/ &&
2241 ($where != 0 || $prefix !~ /^.\s+$/) &&
2242 $prefix !~ /{\s+$/) {
2243 ERROR("BRACKET_SPACE",
2244 "space prohibited before open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2245 }
2246 }
2247
2248 # check for spaces between functions and their parentheses.
2249 while ($line =~ /($Ident)\s+\(/g) {
2250 my $name = $1;
2251 my $ctx_before = substr($line, 0, $-[1]);
2252 my $ctx = "$ctx_before$name";
2253
2254 # Ignore those directives where spaces _are_ permitted.
2255 if ($name =~ /^(?:
2256 if|for|while|switch|return|case|
2257 volatile|__volatile__|
2258 __attribute__|format|__extension__|
2259 asm|__asm__)$/x)
2260 {
2261
2262 # cpp #define statements have non-optional spaces, ie
2263 # if there is a space between the name and the open
2264 # parenthesis it is simply not a parameter group.
2265 } elsif ($ctx_before =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$/) {
2266
2267 # cpp #elif statement condition may start with a (
2268 } elsif ($ctx =~ /^.\s*\#\s*elif\s*$/) {
2269
2270 # If this whole things ends with a type its most
2271 # likely a typedef for a function.
2272 } elsif ($ctx =~ /$Type$/) {
2273
2274 } else {
2275 WARN("SPACING",
2276 "space prohibited between function name and open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2277 }
2278 }
2279 # Check operator spacing.
2280 if (!($line=~/\#\s*include/)) {
2281 my $ops = qr{
2282 <<=|>>=|<=|>=|==|!=|
2283 \+=|-=|\*=|\/=|%=|\^=|\|=|&=|
2284 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|=|!|~|
2285 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%|
2286 \?|:
2287 }x;
2288 my @elements = split(/($ops|;)/, $opline);
2289 my $off = 0;
2290
2291 my $blank = copy_spacing($opline);
2292
2293 for (my $n = 0; $n < $#elements; $n += 2) {
2294 $off += length($elements[$n]);
2295
2296 # Pick up the preceding and succeeding characters.
2297 my $ca = substr($opline, 0, $off);
2298 my $cc = '';
2299 if (length($opline) >= ($off + length($elements[$n + 1]))) {
2300 $cc = substr($opline, $off + length($elements[$n + 1]));
2301 }
2302 my $cb = "$ca$;$cc";
2303
2304 my $a = '';
2305 $a = 'V' if ($elements[$n] ne '');
2306 $a = 'W' if ($elements[$n] =~ /\s$/);
2307 $a = 'C' if ($elements[$n] =~ /$;$/);
2308 $a = 'B' if ($elements[$n] =~ /(\[|\()$/);
2309 $a = 'O' if ($elements[$n] eq '');
2310 $a = 'E' if ($ca =~ /^\s*$/);
2311
2312 my $op = $elements[$n + 1];
2313
2314 my $c = '';
2315 if (defined $elements[$n + 2]) {
2316 $c = 'V' if ($elements[$n + 2] ne '');
2317 $c = 'W' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s/);
2318 $c = 'C' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^$;/);
2319 $c = 'B' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^(\)|\]|;)/);
2320 $c = 'O' if ($elements[$n + 2] eq '');
2321 $c = 'E' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s*\\$/);
2322 } else {
2323 $c = 'E';
2324 }
2325
2326 my $ctx = "${a}x${c}";
2327
2328 my $at = "(ctx:$ctx)";
2329
2330 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, $off) . "^";
2331 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
2332
2333 # Pull out the value of this operator.
2334 my $op_type = substr($curr_values, $off + 1, 1);
2335
2336 # Get the full operator variant.
2337 my $opv = $op . substr($curr_vars, $off, 1);
2338
2339 # Ignore operators passed as parameters.
2340 if ($op_type ne 'V' &&
2341 $ca =~ /\s$/ && $cc =~ /^\s*,/) {
2342
2343 # # Ignore comments
2344 # } elsif ($op =~ /^$;+$/) {
2345
2346 # ; should have either the end of line or a space or \ after it
2347 } elsif ($op eq ';') {
2348 if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEBC]/ &&
2349 $cc !~ /^\\/ && $cc !~ /^;/) {
2350 ERROR("SPACING",
2351 "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2352 }
2353
2354 # // is a comment
2355 } elsif ($op eq '//') {
2356
2357 # No spaces for:
2358 # ->
2359 # : when part of a bitfield
2360 } elsif ($op eq '->' || $opv eq ':B') {
2361 if ($ctx =~ /Wx.|.xW/) {
2362 ERROR("SPACING",
2363 "spaces prohibited around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2364 }
2365
2366 # , must have a space on the right.
2367 } elsif ($op eq ',') {
2368 if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEC]/ && $cc !~ /^}/) {
2369 ERROR("SPACING",
2370 "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2371 }
2372
2373 # '*' as part of a type definition -- reported already.
2374 } elsif ($opv eq '*_') {
2375 #warn "'*' is part of type\n";
2376
2377 # unary operators should have a space before and
2378 # none after. May be left adjacent to another
2379 # unary operator, or a cast
2380 } elsif ($op eq '!' || $op eq '~' ||
2381 $opv eq '*U' || $opv eq '-U' ||
2382 $opv eq '&U' || $opv eq '&&U') {
2383 if ($ctx !~ /[WEBC]x./ && $ca !~ /(?:\)|!|~|\*|-|\&|\||\+\+|\-\-|\{)$/) {
2384 ERROR("SPACING",
2385 "space required before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2386 }
2387 if ($op eq '*' && $cc =~/\s*$Modifier\b/) {
2388 # A unary '*' may be const
2389
2390 } elsif ($ctx =~ /.xW/) {
2391 ERROR("SPACING",
2392 "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2393 }
2394
2395 # unary ++ and unary -- are allowed no space on one side.
2396 } elsif ($op eq '++' or $op eq '--') {
2397 if ($ctx !~ /[WEOBC]x[^W]/ && $ctx !~ /[^W]x[WOBEC]/) {
2398 ERROR("SPACING",
2399 "space required one side of that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2400 }
2401 if ($ctx =~ /Wx[BE]/ ||
2402 ($ctx =~ /Wx./ && $cc =~ /^;/)) {
2403 ERROR("SPACING",
2404 "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2405 }
2406 if ($ctx =~ /ExW/) {
2407 ERROR("SPACING",
2408 "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2409 }
2410
2411
2412 # << and >> may either have or not have spaces both sides
2413 } elsif ($op eq '<<' or $op eq '>>' or
2414 $op eq '&' or $op eq '^' or $op eq '|' or
2415 $op eq '+' or $op eq '-' or
2416 $op eq '*' or $op eq '/' or
2417 $op eq '%')
2418 {
2419 if ($ctx =~ /Wx[^WCE]|[^WCE]xW/) {
2420 ERROR("SPACING",
2421 "need consistent spacing around '$op' $at\n" .
2422 $hereptr);
2423 }
2424
2425 # A colon needs no spaces before when it is
2426 # terminating a case value or a label.
2427 } elsif ($opv eq ':C' || $opv eq ':L') {
2428 if ($ctx =~ /Wx./) {
2429 ERROR("SPACING",
2430 "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2431 }
2432
2433 # All the others need spaces both sides.
2434 } elsif ($ctx !~ /[EWC]x[CWE]/) {
2435 my $ok = 0;
2436
2437 # Ignore email addresses <foo@bar>
2438 if (($op eq '<' &&
2439 $cc =~ /^\S+\@\S+>/) ||
2440 ($op eq '>' &&
2441 $ca =~ /<\S+\@\S+$/))
2442 {
2443 $ok = 1;
2444 }
2445
2446 # Ignore ?:
2447 if (($opv eq ':O' && $ca =~ /\?$/) ||
2448 ($op eq '?' && $cc =~ /^:/)) {
2449 $ok = 1;
2450 }
2451
2452 if ($ok == 0) {
2453 ERROR("SPACING",
2454 "spaces required around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2455 }
2456 }
2457 $off += length($elements[$n + 1]);
2458 }
2459 }
2460
2461 # check for multiple assignments
2462 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Lval\s*=\s*$Lval\s*=(?!=)/) {
2463 CHK("MULTIPLE_ASSIGNMENTS",
2464 "multiple assignments should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2465 }
2466
2467 ## # check for multiple declarations, allowing for a function declaration
2468 ## # continuation.
2469 ## if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Ident.*/ &&
2470 ## $line !~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Type\s*$Ident.*/) {
2471 ##
2472 ## # Remove any bracketed sections to ensure we do not
2473 ## # falsly report the parameters of functions.
2474 ## my $ln = $line;
2475 ## while ($ln =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)//g) {
2476 ## }
2477 ## if ($ln =~ /,/) {
2478 ## WARN("MULTIPLE_DECLARATION",
2479 ## "declaring multiple variables together should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2480 ## }
2481 ## }
2482
2483 #need space before brace following if, while, etc
2484 if (($line =~ /\(.*\){/ && $line !~ /\($Type\){/) ||
2485 $line =~ /do{/) {
2486 ERROR("SPACING",
2487 "space required before the open brace '{'\n" . $herecurr);
2488 }
2489
2490 # closing brace should have a space following it when it has anything
2491 # on the line
2492 if ($line =~ /}(?!(?:,|;|\)))\S/) {
2493 ERROR("SPACING",
2494 "space required after that close brace '}'\n" . $herecurr);
2495 }
2496
2497 # check spacing on square brackets
2498 if ($line =~ /\[\s/ && $line !~ /\[\s*$/) {
2499 ERROR("SPACING",
2500 "space prohibited after that open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2501 }
2502 if ($line =~ /\s\]/) {
2503 ERROR("SPACING",
2504 "space prohibited before that close square bracket ']'\n" . $herecurr);
2505 }
2506
2507 # check spacing on parentheses
2508 if ($line =~ /\(\s/ && $line !~ /\(\s*(?:\\)?$/ &&
2509 $line !~ /for\s*\(\s+;/) {
2510 ERROR("SPACING",
2511 "space prohibited after that open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2512 }
2513 if ($line =~ /(\s+)\)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\)/ &&
2514 $line !~ /for\s*\(.*;\s+\)/ &&
2515 $line !~ /:\s+\)/) {
2516 ERROR("SPACING",
2517 "space prohibited before that close parenthesis ')'\n" . $herecurr);
2518 }
2519
2520 #goto labels aren't indented, allow a single space however
2521 if ($line=~/^.\s+[A-Za-z\d_]+:(?![0-9]+)/ and
2522 !($line=~/^. [A-Za-z\d_]+:/) and !($line=~/^.\s+default:/)) {
2523 WARN("INDENTED_LABEL",
2524 "labels should not be indented\n" . $herecurr);
2525 }
2526
2527 # Return is not a function.
2528 if (defined($stat) && $stat =~ /^.\s*return(\s*)(\(.*);/s) {
2529 my $spacing = $1;
2530 my $value = $2;
2531
2532 # Flatten any parentheses
2533 $value =~ s/\(/ \(/g;
2534 $value =~ s/\)/\) /g;
2535 while ($value =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/ ||
2536 $value !~ /(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*
2537 $Compare\s*
2538 (?:$Ident|-?$Constant)/x &&
2539 $value =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/) {
2540 }
2541 #print "value<$value>\n";
2542 if ($value =~ /^\s*(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*$/) {
2543 ERROR("RETURN_PARENTHESES",
2544 "return is not a function, parentheses are not required\n" . $herecurr);
2545
2546 } elsif ($spacing !~ /\s+/) {
2547 ERROR("SPACING",
2548 "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2549 }
2550 }
2551 # Return of what appears to be an errno should normally be -'ve
2552 if ($line =~ /^.\s*return\s*(E[A-Z]*)\s*;/) {
2553 my $name = $1;
2554 if ($name ne 'EOF' && $name ne 'ERROR') {
2555 WARN("USE_NEGATIVE_ERRNO",
2556 "return of an errno should typically be -ve (return -$1)\n" . $herecurr);
2557 }
2558 }
2559
2560 # typecasts on min/max could be min_t/max_t
2561 if ($line =~ /^\+(?:.*?)\b(min|max)\s*\($Typecast{0,1}($LvalOrFunc)\s*,\s*$Typecast{0,1}($LvalOrFunc)\s*\)/) {
2562 if (defined $2 || defined $8) {
2563 my $call = $1;
2564 my $cast1 = deparenthesize($2);
2565 my $arg1 = $3;
2566 my $cast2 = deparenthesize($8);
2567 my $arg2 = $9;
2568 my $cast;
2569
2570 if ($cast1 ne "" && $cast2 ne "") {
2571 $cast = "$cast1 or $cast2";
2572 } elsif ($cast1 ne "") {
2573 $cast = $cast1;
2574 } else {
2575 $cast = $cast2;
2576 }
2577 WARN("MINMAX",
2578 "$call() should probably be ${call}_t($cast, $arg1, $arg2)\n" . $herecurr);
2579 }
2580 }
2581
2582 # Need a space before open parenthesis after if, while etc
2583 if ($line=~/\b(if|while|for|switch)\(/) {
2584 ERROR("SPACING", "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2585 }
2586
2587 # Check for illegal assignment in if conditional -- and check for trailing
2588 # statements after the conditional.
2589 if ($line =~ /do\s*(?!{)/) {
2590 my ($stat_next) = ctx_statement_block($line_nr_next,
2591 $remain_next, $off_next);
2592 $stat_next =~ s/\n./\n /g;
2593 ##print "stat<$stat> stat_next<$stat_next>\n";
2594
2595 if ($stat_next =~ /^\s*while\b/) {
2596 # If the statement carries leading newlines,
2597 # then count those as offsets.
2598 my ($whitespace) =
2599 ($stat_next =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2600 my $offset =
2601 statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2602
2603 $suppress_whiletrailers{$line_nr_next +
2604 $offset} = 1;
2605 }
2606 }
2607 if (!defined $suppress_whiletrailers{$linenr} &&
2608 $line =~ /\b(?:if|while|for)\s*\(/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/) {
2609 my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
2610
2611 if ($c =~ /\bif\s*\(.*[^<>!=]=[^=].*/s) {
2612 ERROR("ASSIGN_IN_IF",
2613 "do not use assignment in if condition\n" . $herecurr);
2614 }
2615
2616 # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2617 # conditional.
2618 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2619 $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2620 $s =~ s/$;//g; # Remove any comments
2621 if (length($c) && $s !~ /^\s*{?\s*\\*\s*$/ &&
2622 $c !~ /}\s*while\s*/)
2623 {
2624 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
2625 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
2626 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
2627 my $stat_real = '';
2628
2629 $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines)
2630 . "\n" if ($cond_lines);
2631 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
2632 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2633 }
2634
2635 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2636 "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr . $stat_real);
2637 }
2638 }
2639
2640 # Check for bitwise tests written as boolean
2641 if ($line =~ /
2642 (?:
2643 (?:\[|\(|\&\&|\|\|)
2644 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2645 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2646 |
2647 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2648 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2649 (?:\&\&|\|\||\)|\])
2650 )/x)
2651 {
2652 WARN("HEXADECIMAL_BOOLEAN_TEST",
2653 "boolean test with hexadecimal, perhaps just 1 \& or \|?\n" . $herecurr);
2654 }
2655
2656 # if and else should not have general statements after it
2657 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:}\s*)?else\b(.*)/) {
2658 my $s = $1;
2659 $s =~ s/$;//g; # Remove any comments
2660 if ($s !~ /^\s*(?:\sif|(?:{|)\s*\\?\s*$)/) {
2661 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2662 "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2663 }
2664 }
2665 # if should not continue a brace
2666 if ($line =~ /}\s*if\b/) {
2667 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2668 "trailing statements should be on next line\n" .
2669 $herecurr);
2670 }
2671 # case and default should not have general statements after them
2672 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:case\s*.*|default\s*):/g &&
2673 $line !~ /\G(?:
2674 (?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*{)?(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*\\)?\s*$|
2675 \s*return\s+
2676 )/xg)
2677 {
2678 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2679 "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2680 }
2681
2682 # Check for }<nl>else {, these must be at the same
2683 # indent level to be relevant to each other.
2684 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*else\s*/ and
2685 $previndent == $indent) {
2686 ERROR("ELSE_AFTER_BRACE",
2687 "else should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2688 }
2689
2690 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*while\s*/ and
2691 $previndent == $indent) {
2692 my ($s, $c) = ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
2693
2694 # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2695 # conditional.
2696 substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2697 $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2698
2699 if ($s =~ /^\s*;/) {
2700 ERROR("WHILE_AFTER_BRACE",
2701 "while should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2702 }
2703 }
2704
2705 #studly caps, commented out until figure out how to distinguish between use of existing and adding new
2706 # if (($line=~/[\w_][a-z\d]+[A-Z]/) and !($line=~/print/)) {
2707 # print "No studly caps, use _\n";
2708 # print "$herecurr";
2709 # $clean = 0;
2710 # }
2711
2712 #no spaces allowed after \ in define
2713 if ($line=~/\#\s*define.*\\\s$/) {
2714 WARN("WHITESPACE_AFTER_LINE_CONTINUATION",
2715 "Whitepspace after \\ makes next lines useless\n" . $herecurr);
2716 }
2717
2718 #warn if <asm/foo.h> is #included and <linux/foo.h> is available (uses RAW line)
2719 if ($tree && $rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s*\<asm\/(.*)\.h\>}) {
2720 my $file = "$1.h";
2721 my $checkfile = "include/linux/$file";
2722 if (-f "$root/$checkfile" &&
2723 $realfile ne $checkfile &&
2724 $1 !~ /$allowed_asm_includes/)
2725 {
2726 if ($realfile =~ m{^arch/}) {
2727 CHK("ARCH_INCLUDE_LINUX",
2728 "Consider using #include <linux/$file> instead of <asm/$file>\n" . $herecurr);
2729 } else {
2730 WARN("INCLUDE_LINUX",
2731 "Use #include <linux/$file> instead of <asm/$file>\n" . $herecurr);
2732 }
2733 }
2734 }
2735
2736 # multi-statement macros should be enclosed in a do while loop, grab the
2737 # first statement and ensure its the whole macro if its not enclosed
2738 # in a known good container
2739 if ($realfile !~ m@/vmlinux.lds.h$@ &&
2740 $line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$Ident(\()?/) {
2741 my $ln = $linenr;
2742 my $cnt = $realcnt;
2743 my ($off, $dstat, $dcond, $rest);
2744 my $ctx = '';
2745
2746 my $args = defined($1);
2747
2748 # Find the end of the macro and limit our statement
2749 # search to that.
2750 while ($cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1] &&
2751 $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^(?:-|..*\\$)/)
2752 {
2753 $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1] . "\n";
2754 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
2755 $ln++;
2756 }
2757 $ctx .= $rawlines[$ln - 1];
2758
2759 ($dstat, $dcond, $ln, $cnt, $off) =
2760 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $ln - $linenr + 1, 0);
2761 #print "dstat<$dstat> dcond<$dcond> cnt<$cnt> off<$off>\n";
2762 #print "LINE<$lines[$ln-1]> len<" . length($lines[$ln-1]) . "\n";
2763
2764 # Extract the remainder of the define (if any) and
2765 # rip off surrounding spaces, and trailing \'s.
2766 $rest = '';
2767 while ($off != 0 || ($cnt > 0 && $rest =~ /\\\s*$/)) {
2768 #print "ADDING cnt<$cnt> $off <" . substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "> rest<$rest>\n";
2769 if ($off != 0 || $lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/) {
2770 $rest .= substr($lines[$ln - 1], $off) . "\n";
2771 $cnt--;
2772 }
2773 $ln++;
2774 $off = 0;
2775 }
2776 $rest =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2777 $rest =~ s/^\s*//s;
2778 $rest =~ s/\s*$//s;
2779
2780 # Clean up the original statement.
2781 if ($args) {
2782 substr($dstat, 0, length($dcond), '');
2783 } else {
2784 $dstat =~ s/^.\s*\#\s*define\s+$Ident\s*//;
2785 }
2786 $dstat =~ s/$;//g;
2787 $dstat =~ s/\\\n.//g;
2788 $dstat =~ s/^\s*//s;
2789 $dstat =~ s/\s*$//s;
2790
2791 # Flatten any parentheses and braces
2792 while ($dstat =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/ ||
2793 $dstat =~ s/\{[^\{\}]*\}/1/ ||
2794 $dstat =~ s/\[[^\{\}]*\]/1/)
2795 {
2796 }
2797
2798 my $exceptions = qr{
2799 $Declare|
2800 module_param_named|
2801 MODULE_PARAM_DESC|
2802 DECLARE_PER_CPU|
2803 DEFINE_PER_CPU|
2804 __typeof__\(|
2805 union|
2806 struct|
2807 \.$Ident\s*=\s*|
2808 ^\"|\"$
2809 }x;
2810 #print "REST<$rest> dstat<$dstat> ctx<$ctx>\n";
2811 if ($rest ne '' && $rest ne ',') {
2812 if ($rest !~ /while\s*\(/ &&
2813 $dstat !~ /$exceptions/)
2814 {
2815 ERROR("MULTISTATEMENT_MACRO_USE_DO_WHILE",
2816 "Macros with multiple statements should be enclosed in a do - while loop\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2817 }
2818
2819 } elsif ($ctx !~ /;/) {
2820 if ($dstat ne '' &&
2821 $dstat !~ /^(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)$/ &&
2822 $dstat !~ /$exceptions/ &&
2823 $dstat !~ /^\.$Ident\s*=/ &&
2824 $dstat =~ /$Operators/)
2825 {
2826 ERROR("COMPLEX_MACRO",
2827 "Macros with complex values should be enclosed in parenthesis\n" . "$here\n$ctx\n");
2828 }
2829 }
2830 }
2831
2832 # make sure symbols are always wrapped with VMLINUX_SYMBOL() ...
2833 # all assignments may have only one of the following with an assignment:
2834 # .
2835 # ALIGN(...)
2836 # VMLINUX_SYMBOL(...)
2837 if ($realfile eq 'vmlinux.lds.h' && $line =~ /(?:(?:^|\s)$Ident\s*=|=\s*$Ident(?:\s|$))/) {
2838 WARN("MISSING_VMLINUX_SYMBOL",
2839 "vmlinux.lds.h needs VMLINUX_SYMBOL() around C-visible symbols\n" . $herecurr);
2840 }
2841
2842 # check for redundant bracing round if etc
2843 if ($line =~ /(^.*)\bif\b/ && $1 !~ /else\s*$/) {
2844 my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
2845 ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, 1);
2846 #print "chunks<$#chunks> linenr<$linenr> endln<$endln> level<$level>\n";
2847 #print "APW: <<$chunks[1][0]>><<$chunks[1][1]>>\n";
2848 if ($#chunks > 0 && $level == 0) {
2849 my $allowed = 0;
2850 my $seen = 0;
2851 my $herectx = $here . "\n";
2852 my $ln = $linenr - 1;
2853 for my $chunk (@chunks) {
2854 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunk};
2855
2856 # If the condition carries leading newlines, then count those as offsets.
2857 my ($whitespace) = ($cond =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2858 my $offset = statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2859
2860 #print "COND<$cond> whitespace<$whitespace> offset<$offset>\n";
2861
2862 # We have looked at and allowed this specific line.
2863 $suppress_ifbraces{$ln + $offset} = 1;
2864
2865 $herectx .= "$rawlines[$ln + $offset]\n[...]\n";
2866 $ln += statement_rawlines($block) - 1;
2867
2868 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2869
2870 $seen++ if ($block =~ /^\s*{/);
2871
2872 #print "cond<$cond> block<$block> allowed<$allowed>\n";
2873 if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2874 #print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n";
2875 $allowed = 1;
2876 }
2877 if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2878 #print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n";
2879 $allowed = 1;
2880 }
2881 if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2882 #print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n";
2883 $allowed = 1;
2884 }
2885 }
2886 if ($seen && !$allowed) {
2887 WARN("BRACES",
2888 "braces {} are not necessary for any arm of this statement\n" . $herectx);
2889 }
2890 }
2891 }
2892 if (!defined $suppress_ifbraces{$linenr - 1} &&
2893 $line =~ /\b(if|while|for|else)\b/) {
2894 my $allowed = 0;
2895
2896 # Check the pre-context.
2897 if (substr($line, 0, $-[0]) =~ /(\}\s*)$/) {
2898 #print "APW: ALLOWED: pre<$1>\n";
2899 $allowed = 1;
2900 }
2901
2902 my ($level, $endln, @chunks) =
2903 ctx_statement_full($linenr, $realcnt, $-[0]);
2904
2905 # Check the condition.
2906 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[0]};
2907 #print "CHECKING<$linenr> cond<$cond> block<$block>\n";
2908 if (defined $cond) {
2909 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2910 }
2911 if (statement_lines($cond) > 1) {
2912 #print "APW: ALLOWED: cond<$cond>\n";
2913 $allowed = 1;
2914 }
2915 if ($block =~/\b(?:if|for|while)\b/) {
2916 #print "APW: ALLOWED: block<$block>\n";
2917 $allowed = 1;
2918 }
2919 if (statement_block_size($block) > 1) {
2920 #print "APW: ALLOWED: lines block<$block>\n";
2921 $allowed = 1;
2922 }
2923 # Check the post-context.
2924 if (defined $chunks[1]) {
2925 my ($cond, $block) = @{$chunks[1]};
2926 if (defined $cond) {
2927 substr($block, 0, length($cond), '');
2928 }
2929 if ($block =~ /^\s*\{/) {
2930 #print "APW: ALLOWED: chunk-1 block<$block>\n";
2931 $allowed = 1;
2932 }
2933 }
2934 if ($level == 0 && $block =~ /^\s*\{/ && !$allowed) {
2935 my $herectx = $here . "\n";
2936 my $cnt = statement_rawlines($block);
2937
2938 for (my $n = 0; $n < $cnt; $n++) {
2939 $herectx .= raw_line($linenr, $n) . "\n";
2940 }
2941
2942 WARN("BRACES",
2943 "braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks\n" . $herectx);
2944 }
2945 }
2946
2947 # don't include deprecated include files (uses RAW line)
2948 for my $inc (@dep_includes) {
2949 if ($rawline =~ m@^.\s*\#\s*include\s*\<$inc>@) {
2950 ERROR("DEPRECATED_INCLUDE",
2951 "Don't use <$inc>: see Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt\n" . $herecurr);
2952 }
2953 }
2954
2955 # don't use deprecated functions
2956 for my $func (@dep_functions) {
2957 if ($line =~ /\b$func\b/) {
2958 ERROR("DEPRECATED_FUNCTION",
2959 "Don't use $func(): see Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt\n" . $herecurr);
2960 }
2961 }
2962
2963 # no volatiles please
2964 # my $asm_volatile = qr{\b(__asm__|asm)\s+(__volatile__|volatile)\b};
2965 # if ($line =~ /\bvolatile\b/ && $line !~ /$asm_volatile/) {
2966 # WARN("VOLATILE",
2967 # "Use of volatile is usually wrong: see Documentation/volatile-considered-harmful.txt\n" . $herecurr);
2968 # }
2969
2970 # warn about #if 0
2971 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if\s+0\b/) {
2972 CHK("REDUNDANT_CODE",
2973 "if this code is redundant consider removing it\n" .
2974 $herecurr);
2975 }
2976
2977 # check for needless kfree() checks
2978 if ($prevline =~ /\bif\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
2979 my $expr = $1;
2980 if ($line =~ /\bkfree\(\Q$expr\E\);/) {
2981 WARN("NEEDLESS_KFREE",
2982 "kfree(NULL) is safe this check is probably not required\n" . $hereprev);
2983 }
2984 }
2985 # check for needless usb_free_urb() checks
2986 if ($prevline =~ /\bif\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
2987 my $expr = $1;
2988 if ($line =~ /\busb_free_urb\(\Q$expr\E\);/) {
2989 WARN("NEEDLESS_USB_FREE_URB",
2990 "usb_free_urb(NULL) is safe this check is probably not required\n" . $hereprev);
2991 }
2992 }
2993
2994 # prefer usleep_range over udelay
2995 if ($line =~ /\budelay\s*\(\s*(\w+)\s*\)/) {
2996 # ignore udelay's < 10, however
2997 if (! (($1 =~ /(\d+)/) && ($1 < 10)) ) {
2998 CHK("USLEEP_RANGE",
2999 "usleep_range is preferred over udelay; see Documentation/timers/timers-howto.txt\n" . $line);
3000 }
3001 }
3002
3003 # warn about unexpectedly long msleep's
3004 if ($line =~ /\bmsleep\s*\((\d+)\);/) {
3005 if ($1 < 20) {
3006 WARN("MSLEEP",
3007 "msleep < 20ms can sleep for up to 20ms; see Documentation/timers/timers-howto.txt\n" . $line);
3008 }
3009 }
3010
3011 # warn about #ifdefs in C files
3012 # if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*if(|n)def/ && ($realfile =~ /\.c$/)) {
3013 # print "#ifdef in C files should be avoided\n";
3014 # print "$herecurr";
3015 # $clean = 0;
3016 # }
3017
3018 # warn about spacing in #ifdefs
3019 if ($line =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(ifdef|ifndef|elif)\s\s+/) {
3020 ERROR("SPACING",
3021 "exactly one space required after that #$1\n" . $herecurr);
3022 }
3023
3024 # check for spinlock_t definitions without a comment.
3025 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(struct\s+mutex|spinlock_t)\s+\S+;/ ||
3026 $line =~ /^.\s*(DEFINE_MUTEX)\s*\(/) {
3027 my $which = $1;
3028 if (!ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
3029 CHK("UNCOMMENTED_DEFINITION",
3030 "$1 definition without comment\n" . $herecurr);
3031 }
3032 }
3033 # check for memory barriers without a comment.
3034 if ($line =~ /\b(mb|rmb|wmb|read_barrier_depends|smp_mb|smp_rmb|smp_wmb|smp_read_barrier_depends)\(/) {
3035 if (!ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
3036 CHK("MEMORY_BARRIER",
3037 "memory barrier without comment\n" . $herecurr);
3038 }
3039 }
3040 # check of hardware specific defines
3041 if ($line =~ m@^.\s*\#\s*if.*\b(__i386__|__powerpc64__|__sun__|__s390x__)\b@ && $realfile !~ m@include/asm-@) {
3042 CHK("ARCH_DEFINES",
3043 "architecture specific defines should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
3044 }
3045
3046 # Check that the storage class is at the beginning of a declaration
3047 if ($line =~ /\b$Storage\b/ && $line !~ /^.\s*$Storage\b/) {
3048 WARN("STORAGE_CLASS",
3049 "storage class should be at the beginning of the declaration\n" . $herecurr)
3050 }
3051
3052 # check the location of the inline attribute, that it is between
3053 # storage class and type.
3054 if ($line =~ /\b$Type\s+$Inline\b/ ||
3055 $line =~ /\b$Inline\s+$Storage\b/) {
3056 ERROR("INLINE_LOCATION",
3057 "inline keyword should sit between storage class and type\n" . $herecurr);
3058 }
3059
3060 # Check for __inline__ and __inline, prefer inline
3061 if ($line =~ /\b(__inline__|__inline)\b/) {
3062 WARN("INLINE",
3063 "plain inline is preferred over $1\n" . $herecurr);
3064 }
3065
3066 # Check for __attribute__ packed, prefer __packed
3067 # if ($line =~ /\b__attribute__\s*\(\s*\(.*\bpacked\b/) {
3068 # WARN("PREFER_PACKED",
3069 # "__packed is preferred over __attribute__((packed))\n" . $herecurr);
3070 # }
3071
3072 # Check for __attribute__ aligned, prefer __aligned
3073 # if ($line =~ /\b__attribute__\s*\(\s*\(.*aligned/) {
3074 # WARN("PREFER_ALIGNED",
3075 # "__aligned(size) is preferred over __attribute__((aligned(size)))\n" . $herecurr);
3076 # }
3077
3078 # check for sizeof(&)
3079 if ($line =~ /\bsizeof\s*\(\s*\&/) {
3080 WARN("SIZEOF_ADDRESS",
3081 "sizeof(& should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
3082 }
3083
3084 # check for line continuations in quoted strings with odd counts of "
3085 if ($rawline =~ /\\$/ && $rawline =~ tr/"/"/ % 2) {
3086 WARN("LINE_CONTINUATIONS",
3087 "Avoid line continuations in quoted strings\n" . $herecurr);
3088 }
3089
3090 # check for new externs in .c files.
3091 # if ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
3092 # $stat =~ /^.\s*(?:extern\s+)?$Type\s+($Ident)(\s*)\(/s)
3093 # {
3094 # my $function_name = $1;
3095 # my $paren_space = $2;
3096 #
3097 # my $s = $stat;
3098 # if (defined $cond) {
3099 # substr($s, 0, length($cond), '');
3100 # }
3101 # if ($s =~ /^\s*;/ &&
3102 # $function_name ne 'uninitialized_var')
3103 # {
3104 # WARN("AVOID_EXTERNS",
3105 # "externs should be avoided in .c files\n" . $herecurr);
3106 # }
3107 #
3108 # if ($paren_space =~ /\n/) {
3109 # WARN("FUNCTION_ARGUMENTS",
3110 # "arguments for function declarations should follow identifier\n" . $herecurr);
3111 # }
3112 #
3113 # } elsif ($realfile =~ /\.c$/ && defined $stat &&
3114 # $stat =~ /^.\s*extern\s+/)
3115 # {
3116 # WARN("AVOID_EXTERNS",
3117 # "externs should be avoided in .c files\n" . $herecurr);
3118 # }
3119
3120 # checks for new __setup's
3121 if ($rawline =~ /\b__setup\("([^"]*)"/) {
3122 my $name = $1;
3123
3124 if (!grep(/$name/, @setup_docs)) {
3125 CHK("UNDOCUMENTED_SETUP",
3126 "__setup appears un-documented -- check Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt\n" . $herecurr);
3127 }
3128 }
3129
3130 # check for pointless casting of kmalloc return
3131 if ($line =~ /\*\s*\)\s*[kv][czm]alloc(_node){0,1}\b/) {
3132 WARN("UNNECESSARY_CASTS",
3133 "unnecessary cast may hide bugs, see http://c-faq.com/malloc/mallocnocast.html\n" . $herecurr);
3134 }
3135
3136 # check for multiple semicolons
3137 if ($line =~ /;\s*;\s*$/) {
3138 WARN("ONE_SEMICOLON",
3139 "Statements terminations use 1 semicolon\n" . $herecurr);
3140 }
3141
3142 # check for gcc specific __FUNCTION__
3143 if ($line =~ /__FUNCTION__/) {
3144 WARN("USE_FUNC",
3145 "__func__ should be used instead of gcc specific __FUNCTION__\n" . $herecurr);
3146 }
3147
3148 # check for semaphores initialized locked
3149 if ($line =~ /^.\s*sema_init.+,\W?0\W?\)/) {
3150 WARN("CONSIDER_COMPLETION",
3151 "consider using a completion\n" . $herecurr);
3152
3153 }
3154 # recommend kstrto* over simple_strto*
3155 if ($line =~ /\bsimple_(strto.*?)\s*\(/) {
3156 WARN("CONSIDER_KSTRTO",
3157 "consider using kstrto* in preference to simple_$1\n" . $herecurr);
3158 }
3159 # check for __initcall(), use device_initcall() explicitly please
3160 if ($line =~ /^.\s*__initcall\s*\(/) {
3161 WARN("USE_DEVICE_INITCALL",
3162 "please use device_initcall() instead of __initcall()\n" . $herecurr);
3163 }
3164 # check for various ops structs, ensure they are const.
3165 my $struct_ops = qr{acpi_dock_ops|
3166 address_space_operations|
3167 backlight_ops|
3168 block_device_operations|
3169 dentry_operations|
3170 dev_pm_ops|
3171 dma_map_ops|
3172 extent_io_ops|
3173 file_lock_operations|
3174 file_operations|
3175 hv_ops|
3176 ide_dma_ops|
3177 intel_dvo_dev_ops|
3178 item_operations|
3179 iwl_ops|
3180 kgdb_arch|
3181 kgdb_io|
3182 kset_uevent_ops|
3183 lock_manager_operations|
3184 microcode_ops|
3185 mtrr_ops|
3186 neigh_ops|
3187 nlmsvc_binding|
3188 pci_raw_ops|
3189 pipe_buf_operations|
3190 platform_hibernation_ops|
3191 platform_suspend_ops|
3192 proto_ops|
3193 rpc_pipe_ops|
3194 seq_operations|
3195 snd_ac97_build_ops|
3196 soc_pcmcia_socket_ops|
3197 stacktrace_ops|
3198 sysfs_ops|
3199 tty_operations|
3200 usb_mon_operations|
3201 wd_ops}x;
3202 if ($line !~ /\bconst\b/ &&
3203 $line =~ /\bstruct\s+($struct_ops)\b/) {
3204 WARN("CONST_STRUCT",
3205 "struct $1 should normally be const\n" .
3206 $herecurr);
3207 }
3208
3209 # use of NR_CPUS is usually wrong
3210 # ignore definitions of NR_CPUS and usage to define arrays as likely right
3211 if ($line =~ /\bNR_CPUS\b/ &&
3212 $line !~ /^.\s*\s*#\s*if\b.*\bNR_CPUS\b/ &&
3213 $line !~ /^.\s*\s*#\s*define\b.*\bNR_CPUS\b/ &&
3214 $line !~ /^.\s*$Declare\s.*\[[^\]]*NR_CPUS[^\]]*\]/ &&
3215 $line !~ /\[[^\]]*\.\.\.[^\]]*NR_CPUS[^\]]*\]/ &&
3216 $line !~ /\[[^\]]*NR_CPUS[^\]]*\.\.\.[^\]]*\]/)
3217 {
3218 WARN("NR_CPUS",
3219 "usage of NR_CPUS is often wrong - consider using cpu_possible(), num_possible_cpus(), for_each_possible_cpu(), etc\n" . $herecurr);
3220 }
3221
3222 # check for %L{u,d,i} in strings
3223 my $string;
3224 while ($line =~ /(?:^|")([X\t]*)(?:"|$)/g) {
3225 $string = substr($rawline, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1]);
3226 $string =~ s/%%/__/g;
3227 if ($string =~ /(?<!%)%L[udi]/) {
3228 WARN("PRINTF_L",
3229 "\%Ld/%Lu are not-standard C, use %lld/%llu\n" . $herecurr);
3230 last;
3231 }
3232 }
3233
3234 # whine mightly about in_atomic
3235 if ($line =~ /\bin_atomic\s*\(/) {
3236 if ($realfile =~ m@^drivers/@) {
3237 ERROR("IN_ATOMIC",
3238 "do not use in_atomic in drivers\n" . $herecurr);
3239 } elsif ($realfile !~ m@^kernel/@) {
3240 WARN("IN_ATOMIC",
3241 "use of in_atomic() is incorrect outside core kernel code\n" . $herecurr);
3242 }