c6715d31a3176f619d5ba86050d5bc9fbeef9335
[openocd.git] / src / target / armv7m.c
1 /***************************************************************************
2 * Copyright (C) 2005 by Dominic Rath *
3 * Dominic.Rath@gmx.de *
4 * *
5 * Copyright (C) 2006 by Magnus Lundin *
6 * lundin@mlu.mine.nu *
7 * *
8 * Copyright (C) 2008 by Spencer Oliver *
9 * spen@spen-soft.co.uk *
10 * *
11 * Copyright (C) 2007,2008 √ėyvind Harboe *
12 * oyvind.harboe@zylin.com *
13 * *
14 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify *
15 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by *
16 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or *
17 * (at your option) any later version. *
18 * *
19 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, *
20 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of *
21 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the *
22 * GNU General Public License for more details. *
23 * *
24 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License *
25 * along with this program; if not, write to the *
26 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., *
27 * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. *
28 * *
29 * ARMv7-M Architecture, Application Level Reference Manual *
30 * ARM DDI 0405C (September 2008) *
31 * *
32 ***************************************************************************/
33
34 #ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
35 #include "config.h"
36 #endif
37
38 #include "breakpoints.h"
39 #include "armv7m.h"
40 #include "algorithm.h"
41 #include "register.h"
42
43 #if 0
44 #define _DEBUG_INSTRUCTION_EXECUTION_
45 #endif
46
47 static char *armv7m_exception_strings[] = {
48 "", "Reset", "NMI", "HardFault",
49 "MemManage", "BusFault", "UsageFault", "RESERVED",
50 "RESERVED", "RESERVED", "RESERVED", "SVCall",
51 "DebugMonitor", "RESERVED", "PendSV", "SysTick"
52 };
53
54 /* PSP is used in some thread modes */
55 const int armv7m_psp_reg_map[17] = {
56 ARMV7M_R0, ARMV7M_R1, ARMV7M_R2, ARMV7M_R3,
57 ARMV7M_R4, ARMV7M_R5, ARMV7M_R6, ARMV7M_R7,
58 ARMV7M_R8, ARMV7M_R9, ARMV7M_R10, ARMV7M_R11,
59 ARMV7M_R12, ARMV7M_PSP, ARMV7M_R14, ARMV7M_PC,
60 ARMV7M_xPSR,
61 };
62
63 /* MSP is used in handler and some thread modes */
64 const int armv7m_msp_reg_map[17] = {
65 ARMV7M_R0, ARMV7M_R1, ARMV7M_R2, ARMV7M_R3,
66 ARMV7M_R4, ARMV7M_R5, ARMV7M_R6, ARMV7M_R7,
67 ARMV7M_R8, ARMV7M_R9, ARMV7M_R10, ARMV7M_R11,
68 ARMV7M_R12, ARMV7M_MSP, ARMV7M_R14, ARMV7M_PC,
69 ARMV7M_xPSR,
70 };
71
72 #ifdef ARMV7_GDB_HACKS
73 uint8_t armv7m_gdb_dummy_cpsr_value[] = {0, 0, 0, 0};
74
75 struct reg armv7m_gdb_dummy_cpsr_reg = {
76 .name = "GDB dummy cpsr register",
77 .value = armv7m_gdb_dummy_cpsr_value,
78 .dirty = 0,
79 .valid = 1,
80 .size = 32,
81 .arch_info = NULL,
82 };
83 #endif
84
85 /*
86 * These registers are not memory-mapped. The ARMv7-M profile includes
87 * memory mapped registers too, such as for the NVIC (interrupt controller)
88 * and SysTick (timer) modules; those can mostly be treated as peripherals.
89 *
90 * The ARMv6-M profile is almost identical in this respect, except that it
91 * doesn't include basepri or faultmask registers.
92 */
93 static const struct {
94 unsigned id;
95 const char *name;
96 unsigned bits;
97 } armv7m_regs[] = {
98 { ARMV7M_R0, "r0", 32 },
99 { ARMV7M_R1, "r1", 32 },
100 { ARMV7M_R2, "r2", 32 },
101 { ARMV7M_R3, "r3", 32 },
102
103 { ARMV7M_R4, "r4", 32 },
104 { ARMV7M_R5, "r5", 32 },
105 { ARMV7M_R6, "r6", 32 },
106 { ARMV7M_R7, "r7", 32 },
107
108 { ARMV7M_R8, "r8", 32 },
109 { ARMV7M_R9, "r9", 32 },
110 { ARMV7M_R10, "r10", 32 },
111 { ARMV7M_R11, "r11", 32 },
112
113 { ARMV7M_R12, "r12", 32 },
114 { ARMV7M_R13, "sp", 32 },
115 { ARMV7M_R14, "lr", 32 },
116 { ARMV7M_PC, "pc", 32 },
117
118 { ARMV7M_xPSR, "xPSR", 32 },
119 { ARMV7M_MSP, "msp", 32 },
120 { ARMV7M_PSP, "psp", 32 },
121
122 { ARMV7M_PRIMASK, "primask", 1 },
123 { ARMV7M_BASEPRI, "basepri", 8 },
124 { ARMV7M_FAULTMASK, "faultmask", 1 },
125 { ARMV7M_CONTROL, "control", 2 },
126 };
127
128 #define ARMV7M_NUM_REGS ARRAY_SIZE(armv7m_regs)
129
130 /**
131 * Restores target context using the cache of core registers set up
132 * by armv7m_build_reg_cache(), calling optional core-specific hooks.
133 */
134 int armv7m_restore_context(struct target *target)
135 {
136 int i;
137 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
138
139 LOG_DEBUG(" ");
140
141 if (armv7m->pre_restore_context)
142 armv7m->pre_restore_context(target);
143
144 for (i = ARMV7M_NUM_REGS - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
145 if (armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].dirty)
146 armv7m->write_core_reg(target, i);
147 }
148
149 return ERROR_OK;
150 }
151
152 /* Core state functions */
153
154 /**
155 * Maps ISR number (from xPSR) to name.
156 * Note that while names and meanings for the first sixteen are standardized
157 * (with zero not a true exception), external interrupts are only numbered.
158 * They are assigned by vendors, which generally assign different numbers to
159 * peripherals (such as UART0 or a USB peripheral controller).
160 */
161 char *armv7m_exception_string(int number)
162 {
163 static char enamebuf[32];
164
165 if ((number < 0) | (number > 511))
166 return "Invalid exception";
167 if (number < 16)
168 return armv7m_exception_strings[number];
169 sprintf(enamebuf, "External Interrupt(%i)", number - 16);
170 return enamebuf;
171 }
172
173 static int armv7m_get_core_reg(struct reg *reg)
174 {
175 int retval;
176 struct armv7m_core_reg *armv7m_reg = reg->arch_info;
177 struct target *target = armv7m_reg->target;
178 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
179
180 if (target->state != TARGET_HALTED)
181 return ERROR_TARGET_NOT_HALTED;
182
183 retval = armv7m->read_core_reg(target, armv7m_reg->num);
184
185 return retval;
186 }
187
188 static int armv7m_set_core_reg(struct reg *reg, uint8_t *buf)
189 {
190 struct armv7m_core_reg *armv7m_reg = reg->arch_info;
191 struct target *target = armv7m_reg->target;
192 uint32_t value = buf_get_u32(buf, 0, 32);
193
194 if (target->state != TARGET_HALTED)
195 return ERROR_TARGET_NOT_HALTED;
196
197 buf_set_u32(reg->value, 0, 32, value);
198 reg->dirty = 1;
199 reg->valid = 1;
200
201 return ERROR_OK;
202 }
203
204 static int armv7m_read_core_reg(struct target *target, unsigned num)
205 {
206 uint32_t reg_value;
207 int retval;
208 struct armv7m_core_reg *armv7m_core_reg;
209 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
210
211 if (num >= ARMV7M_NUM_REGS)
212 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
213
214 armv7m_core_reg = armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].arch_info;
215 retval = armv7m->load_core_reg_u32(target,
216 armv7m_core_reg->num,
217 &reg_value);
218 buf_set_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].value, 0, 32, reg_value);
219 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].valid = 1;
220 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].dirty = 0;
221
222 return retval;
223 }
224
225 static int armv7m_write_core_reg(struct target *target, unsigned num)
226 {
227 int retval;
228 uint32_t reg_value;
229 struct armv7m_core_reg *armv7m_core_reg;
230 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
231
232 if (num >= ARMV7M_NUM_REGS)
233 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
234
235 reg_value = buf_get_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].value, 0, 32);
236 armv7m_core_reg = armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].arch_info;
237 retval = armv7m->store_core_reg_u32(target,
238 armv7m_core_reg->num,
239 reg_value);
240 if (retval != ERROR_OK) {
241 LOG_ERROR("JTAG failure");
242 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].dirty = armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].valid;
243 return ERROR_JTAG_DEVICE_ERROR;
244 }
245 LOG_DEBUG("write core reg %i value 0x%" PRIx32 "", num, reg_value);
246 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].valid = 1;
247 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[num].dirty = 0;
248
249 return ERROR_OK;
250 }
251
252 /**
253 * Returns generic ARM userspace registers to GDB.
254 * GDB doesn't quite understand that most ARMs don't have floating point
255 * hardware, so this also fakes a set of long-obsolete FPA registers that
256 * are not used in EABI based software stacks.
257 */
258 int armv7m_get_gdb_reg_list(struct target *target, struct reg **reg_list[], int *reg_list_size)
259 {
260 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
261 int i;
262
263 *reg_list_size = 26;
264 *reg_list = malloc(sizeof(struct reg *) * (*reg_list_size));
265
266 /*
267 * GDB register packet format for ARM:
268 * - the first 16 registers are r0..r15
269 * - (obsolete) 8 FPA registers
270 * - (obsolete) FPA status
271 * - CPSR
272 */
273 for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
274 (*reg_list)[i] = &armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i];
275
276 for (i = 16; i < 24; i++)
277 (*reg_list)[i] = &arm_gdb_dummy_fp_reg;
278 (*reg_list)[24] = &arm_gdb_dummy_fps_reg;
279
280 #ifdef ARMV7_GDB_HACKS
281 /* use dummy cpsr reg otherwise gdb may try and set the thumb bit */
282 (*reg_list)[25] = &armv7m_gdb_dummy_cpsr_reg;
283
284 /* ARMV7M is always in thumb mode, try to make GDB understand this
285 * if it does not support this arch */
286 *((char *)armv7m->arm.pc->value) |= 1;
287 #else
288 (*reg_list)[25] = &armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_xPSR];
289 #endif
290
291 return ERROR_OK;
292 }
293
294 /** Runs a Thumb algorithm in the target. */
295 int armv7m_run_algorithm(struct target *target,
296 int num_mem_params, struct mem_param *mem_params,
297 int num_reg_params, struct reg_param *reg_params,
298 uint32_t entry_point, uint32_t exit_point,
299 int timeout_ms, void *arch_info)
300 {
301 int retval;
302
303 retval = armv7m_start_algorithm(target,
304 num_mem_params, mem_params,
305 num_reg_params, reg_params,
306 entry_point, exit_point,
307 arch_info);
308
309 if (retval == ERROR_OK)
310 retval = armv7m_wait_algorithm(target,
311 num_mem_params, mem_params,
312 num_reg_params, reg_params,
313 exit_point, timeout_ms,
314 arch_info);
315
316 return retval;
317 }
318
319 /** Starts a Thumb algorithm in the target. */
320 int armv7m_start_algorithm(struct target *target,
321 int num_mem_params, struct mem_param *mem_params,
322 int num_reg_params, struct reg_param *reg_params,
323 uint32_t entry_point, uint32_t exit_point,
324 void *arch_info)
325 {
326 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
327 struct armv7m_algorithm *armv7m_algorithm_info = arch_info;
328 enum arm_mode core_mode = armv7m->arm.core_mode;
329 int retval = ERROR_OK;
330
331 /* NOTE: armv7m_run_algorithm requires that each algorithm uses a software breakpoint
332 * at the exit point */
333
334 if (armv7m_algorithm_info->common_magic != ARMV7M_COMMON_MAGIC) {
335 LOG_ERROR("current target isn't an ARMV7M target");
336 return ERROR_TARGET_INVALID;
337 }
338
339 if (target->state != TARGET_HALTED) {
340 LOG_WARNING("target not halted");
341 return ERROR_TARGET_NOT_HALTED;
342 }
343
344 /* refresh core register cache
345 * Not needed if core register cache is always consistent with target process state */
346 for (unsigned i = 0; i < ARMV7M_NUM_REGS; i++) {
347 if (!armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].valid)
348 armv7m->read_core_reg(target, i);
349 armv7m_algorithm_info->context[i] = buf_get_u32(
350 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].value,
351 0,
352 32);
353 }
354
355 for (int i = 0; i < num_mem_params; i++) {
356 /* TODO: Write only out params */
357 retval = target_write_buffer(target, mem_params[i].address,
358 mem_params[i].size,
359 mem_params[i].value);
360 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
361 return retval;
362 }
363
364 for (int i = 0; i < num_reg_params; i++) {
365 struct reg *reg =
366 register_get_by_name(armv7m->core_cache, reg_params[i].reg_name, 0);
367 /* uint32_t regvalue; */
368
369 if (!reg) {
370 LOG_ERROR("BUG: register '%s' not found", reg_params[i].reg_name);
371 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
372 }
373
374 if (reg->size != reg_params[i].size) {
375 LOG_ERROR("BUG: register '%s' size doesn't match reg_params[i].size",
376 reg_params[i].reg_name);
377 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
378 }
379
380 /* regvalue = buf_get_u32(reg_params[i].value, 0, 32); */
381 armv7m_set_core_reg(reg, reg_params[i].value);
382 }
383
384 if (armv7m_algorithm_info->core_mode != ARM_MODE_ANY) {
385 LOG_DEBUG("setting core_mode: 0x%2.2x", armv7m_algorithm_info->core_mode);
386 buf_set_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_CONTROL].value,
387 0, 1, armv7m_algorithm_info->core_mode);
388 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_CONTROL].dirty = 1;
389 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_CONTROL].valid = 1;
390 }
391 armv7m_algorithm_info->core_mode = core_mode;
392
393 retval = target_resume(target, 0, entry_point, 1, 1);
394
395 return retval;
396 }
397
398 /** Waits for an algorithm in the target. */
399 int armv7m_wait_algorithm(struct target *target,
400 int num_mem_params, struct mem_param *mem_params,
401 int num_reg_params, struct reg_param *reg_params,
402 uint32_t exit_point, int timeout_ms,
403 void *arch_info)
404 {
405 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
406 struct armv7m_algorithm *armv7m_algorithm_info = arch_info;
407 int retval = ERROR_OK;
408 uint32_t pc;
409
410 /* NOTE: armv7m_run_algorithm requires that each algorithm uses a software breakpoint
411 * at the exit point */
412
413 if (armv7m_algorithm_info->common_magic != ARMV7M_COMMON_MAGIC) {
414 LOG_ERROR("current target isn't an ARMV7M target");
415 return ERROR_TARGET_INVALID;
416 }
417
418 retval = target_wait_state(target, TARGET_HALTED, timeout_ms);
419 /* If the target fails to halt due to the breakpoint, force a halt */
420 if (retval != ERROR_OK || target->state != TARGET_HALTED) {
421 retval = target_halt(target);
422 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
423 return retval;
424 retval = target_wait_state(target, TARGET_HALTED, 500);
425 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
426 return retval;
427 return ERROR_TARGET_TIMEOUT;
428 }
429
430 armv7m->load_core_reg_u32(target, 15, &pc);
431 if (exit_point && (pc != exit_point)) {
432 LOG_DEBUG("failed algorithm halted at 0x%" PRIx32 ", expected 0x%" PRIx32,
433 pc,
434 exit_point);
435 return ERROR_TARGET_TIMEOUT;
436 }
437
438 /* Read memory values to mem_params[] */
439 for (int i = 0; i < num_mem_params; i++) {
440 if (mem_params[i].direction != PARAM_OUT) {
441 retval = target_read_buffer(target, mem_params[i].address,
442 mem_params[i].size,
443 mem_params[i].value);
444 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
445 return retval;
446 }
447 }
448
449 /* Copy core register values to reg_params[] */
450 for (int i = 0; i < num_reg_params; i++) {
451 if (reg_params[i].direction != PARAM_OUT) {
452 struct reg *reg = register_get_by_name(armv7m->core_cache,
453 reg_params[i].reg_name,
454 0);
455
456 if (!reg) {
457 LOG_ERROR("BUG: register '%s' not found", reg_params[i].reg_name);
458 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
459 }
460
461 if (reg->size != reg_params[i].size) {
462 LOG_ERROR(
463 "BUG: register '%s' size doesn't match reg_params[i].size",
464 reg_params[i].reg_name);
465 return ERROR_COMMAND_SYNTAX_ERROR;
466 }
467
468 buf_set_u32(reg_params[i].value, 0, 32, buf_get_u32(reg->value, 0, 32));
469 }
470 }
471
472 for (int i = ARMV7M_NUM_REGS - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
473 uint32_t regvalue;
474 regvalue = buf_get_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].value, 0, 32);
475 if (regvalue != armv7m_algorithm_info->context[i]) {
476 LOG_DEBUG("restoring register %s with value 0x%8.8" PRIx32,
477 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].name,
478 armv7m_algorithm_info->context[i]);
479 buf_set_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].value,
480 0, 32, armv7m_algorithm_info->context[i]);
481 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].valid = 1;
482 armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[i].dirty = 1;
483 }
484 }
485
486 armv7m->arm.core_mode = armv7m_algorithm_info->core_mode;
487
488 return retval;
489 }
490
491 /** Logs summary of ARMv7-M state for a halted target. */
492 int armv7m_arch_state(struct target *target)
493 {
494 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
495 struct arm *arm = &armv7m->arm;
496 uint32_t ctrl, sp;
497
498 ctrl = buf_get_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_CONTROL].value, 0, 32);
499 sp = buf_get_u32(armv7m->core_cache->reg_list[ARMV7M_R13].value, 0, 32);
500
501 LOG_USER("target halted due to %s, current mode: %s %s\n"
502 "xPSR: %#8.8" PRIx32 " pc: %#8.8" PRIx32 " %csp: %#8.8" PRIx32 "%s",
503 debug_reason_name(target),
504 arm_mode_name(arm->core_mode),
505 armv7m_exception_string(armv7m->exception_number),
506 buf_get_u32(arm->cpsr->value, 0, 32),
507 buf_get_u32(arm->pc->value, 0, 32),
508 (ctrl & 0x02) ? 'p' : 'm',
509 sp,
510 arm->is_semihosting ? ", semihosting" : "");
511
512 return ERROR_OK;
513 }
514
515 static const struct reg_arch_type armv7m_reg_type = {
516 .get = armv7m_get_core_reg,
517 .set = armv7m_set_core_reg,
518 };
519
520 /** Builds cache of architecturally defined registers. */
521 struct reg_cache *armv7m_build_reg_cache(struct target *target)
522 {
523 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
524 struct arm *arm = &armv7m->arm;
525 int num_regs = ARMV7M_NUM_REGS;
526 struct reg_cache **cache_p = register_get_last_cache_p(&target->reg_cache);
527 struct reg_cache *cache = malloc(sizeof(struct reg_cache));
528 struct reg *reg_list = calloc(num_regs, sizeof(struct reg));
529 struct armv7m_core_reg *arch_info = calloc(num_regs, sizeof(struct armv7m_core_reg));
530 int i;
531
532 #ifdef ARMV7_GDB_HACKS
533 register_init_dummy(&armv7m_gdb_dummy_cpsr_reg);
534 #endif
535
536 /* Build the process context cache */
537 cache->name = "arm v7m registers";
538 cache->next = NULL;
539 cache->reg_list = reg_list;
540 cache->num_regs = num_regs;
541 (*cache_p) = cache;
542 armv7m->core_cache = cache;
543
544 for (i = 0; i < num_regs; i++) {
545 arch_info[i].num = armv7m_regs[i].id;
546 arch_info[i].target = target;
547 arch_info[i].armv7m_common = armv7m;
548 reg_list[i].name = armv7m_regs[i].name;
549 reg_list[i].size = armv7m_regs[i].bits;
550 reg_list[i].value = calloc(1, 4);
551 reg_list[i].dirty = 0;
552 reg_list[i].valid = 0;
553 reg_list[i].type = &armv7m_reg_type;
554 reg_list[i].arch_info = &arch_info[i];
555 }
556
557 arm->cpsr = reg_list + ARMV7M_xPSR;
558 arm->pc = reg_list + ARMV7M_PC;
559 arm->core_cache = cache;
560 return cache;
561 }
562
563 static int armv7m_setup_semihosting(struct target *target, int enable)
564 {
565 /* nothing todo for armv7m */
566 return ERROR_OK;
567 }
568
569 /** Sets up target as a generic ARMv7-M core */
570 int armv7m_init_arch_info(struct target *target, struct armv7m_common *armv7m)
571 {
572 struct arm *arm = &armv7m->arm;
573
574 armv7m->common_magic = ARMV7M_COMMON_MAGIC;
575 armv7m->fp_feature = FP_NONE;
576
577 arm->core_type = ARM_MODE_THREAD;
578 arm->arch_info = armv7m;
579 arm->setup_semihosting = armv7m_setup_semihosting;
580
581 /* FIXME remove v7m-specific r/w core_reg functions;
582 * use the generic ARM core support..
583 */
584 armv7m->read_core_reg = armv7m_read_core_reg;
585 armv7m->write_core_reg = armv7m_write_core_reg;
586
587 return arm_init_arch_info(target, arm);
588 }
589
590 /** Generates a CRC32 checksum of a memory region. */
591 int armv7m_checksum_memory(struct target *target,
592 uint32_t address, uint32_t count, uint32_t *checksum)
593 {
594 struct working_area *crc_algorithm;
595 struct armv7m_algorithm armv7m_info;
596 struct reg_param reg_params[2];
597 int retval;
598
599 /* see contrib/loaders/checksum/armv7m_crc.s for src */
600
601 static const uint8_t cortex_m3_crc_code[] = {
602 /* main: */
603 0x02, 0x46, /* mov r2, r0 */
604 0x00, 0x20, /* movs r0, #0 */
605 0xC0, 0x43, /* mvns r0, r0 */
606 0x0A, 0x4E, /* ldr r6, CRC32XOR */
607 0x0B, 0x46, /* mov r3, r1 */
608 0x00, 0x24, /* movs r4, #0 */
609 0x0D, 0xE0, /* b ncomp */
610 /* nbyte: */
611 0x11, 0x5D, /* ldrb r1, [r2, r4] */
612 0x09, 0x06, /* lsls r1, r1, #24 */
613 0x48, 0x40, /* eors r0, r0, r1 */
614 0x00, 0x25, /* movs r5, #0 */
615 /* loop: */
616 0x00, 0x28, /* cmp r0, #0 */
617 0x02, 0xDA, /* bge notset */
618 0x40, 0x00, /* lsls r0, r0, #1 */
619 0x70, 0x40, /* eors r0, r0, r6 */
620 0x00, 0xE0, /* b cont */
621 /* notset: */
622 0x40, 0x00, /* lsls r0, r0, #1 */
623 /* cont: */
624 0x01, 0x35, /* adds r5, r5, #1 */
625 0x08, 0x2D, /* cmp r5, #8 */
626 0xF6, 0xD1, /* bne loop */
627 0x01, 0x34, /* adds r4, r4, #1 */
628 /* ncomp: */
629 0x9C, 0x42, /* cmp r4, r3 */
630 0xEF, 0xD1, /* bne nbyte */
631 0x00, 0xBE, /* bkpt #0 */
632 0xB7, 0x1D, 0xC1, 0x04 /* CRC32XOR: .word 0x04c11db7 */
633 };
634
635 retval = target_alloc_working_area(target, sizeof(cortex_m3_crc_code), &crc_algorithm);
636 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
637 return retval;
638
639 retval = target_write_buffer(target, crc_algorithm->address,
640 sizeof(cortex_m3_crc_code), (uint8_t *)cortex_m3_crc_code);
641 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
642 goto cleanup;
643
644 armv7m_info.common_magic = ARMV7M_COMMON_MAGIC;
645 armv7m_info.core_mode = ARM_MODE_ANY;
646
647 init_reg_param(&reg_params[0], "r0", 32, PARAM_IN_OUT);
648 init_reg_param(&reg_params[1], "r1", 32, PARAM_OUT);
649
650 buf_set_u32(reg_params[0].value, 0, 32, address);
651 buf_set_u32(reg_params[1].value, 0, 32, count);
652
653 int timeout = 20000 * (1 + (count / (1024 * 1024)));
654
655 retval = target_run_algorithm(target, 0, NULL, 2, reg_params, crc_algorithm->address,
656 crc_algorithm->address + (sizeof(cortex_m3_crc_code) - 6),
657 timeout, &armv7m_info);
658
659 if (retval == ERROR_OK)
660 *checksum = buf_get_u32(reg_params[0].value, 0, 32);
661 else
662 LOG_ERROR("error executing cortex_m3 crc algorithm");
663
664 destroy_reg_param(&reg_params[0]);
665 destroy_reg_param(&reg_params[1]);
666
667 cleanup:
668 target_free_working_area(target, crc_algorithm);
669
670 return retval;
671 }
672
673 /** Checks whether a memory region is zeroed. */
674 int armv7m_blank_check_memory(struct target *target,
675 uint32_t address, uint32_t count, uint32_t *blank)
676 {
677 struct working_area *erase_check_algorithm;
678 struct reg_param reg_params[3];
679 struct armv7m_algorithm armv7m_info;
680 int retval;
681
682 /* see contrib/loaders/erase_check/armv7m_erase_check.s for src */
683
684 static const uint8_t erase_check_code[] = {
685 /* loop: */
686 0x03, 0x78, /* ldrb r3, [r0] */
687 0x01, 0x30, /* adds r0, #1 */
688 0x1A, 0x40, /* ands r2, r2, r3 */
689 0x01, 0x39, /* subs r1, r1, #1 */
690 0xFA, 0xD1, /* bne loop */
691 0x00, 0xBE /* bkpt #0 */
692 };
693
694 /* make sure we have a working area */
695 if (target_alloc_working_area(target, sizeof(erase_check_code),
696 &erase_check_algorithm) != ERROR_OK)
697 return ERROR_TARGET_RESOURCE_NOT_AVAILABLE;
698
699 retval = target_write_buffer(target, erase_check_algorithm->address,
700 sizeof(erase_check_code), (uint8_t *)erase_check_code);
701 if (retval != ERROR_OK)
702 return retval;
703
704 armv7m_info.common_magic = ARMV7M_COMMON_MAGIC;
705 armv7m_info.core_mode = ARM_MODE_ANY;
706
707 init_reg_param(&reg_params[0], "r0", 32, PARAM_OUT);
708 buf_set_u32(reg_params[0].value, 0, 32, address);
709
710 init_reg_param(&reg_params[1], "r1", 32, PARAM_OUT);
711 buf_set_u32(reg_params[1].value, 0, 32, count);
712
713 init_reg_param(&reg_params[2], "r2", 32, PARAM_IN_OUT);
714 buf_set_u32(reg_params[2].value, 0, 32, 0xff);
715
716 retval = target_run_algorithm(target,
717 0,
718 NULL,
719 3,
720 reg_params,
721 erase_check_algorithm->address,
722 erase_check_algorithm->address + (sizeof(erase_check_code) - 2),
723 10000,
724 &armv7m_info);
725
726 if (retval == ERROR_OK)
727 *blank = buf_get_u32(reg_params[2].value, 0, 32);
728
729 destroy_reg_param(&reg_params[0]);
730 destroy_reg_param(&reg_params[1]);
731 destroy_reg_param(&reg_params[2]);
732
733 target_free_working_area(target, erase_check_algorithm);
734
735 return retval;
736 }
737
738 int armv7m_maybe_skip_bkpt_inst(struct target *target, bool *inst_found)
739 {
740 struct armv7m_common *armv7m = target_to_armv7m(target);
741 struct reg *r = armv7m->arm.pc;
742 bool result = false;
743
744
745 /* if we halted last time due to a bkpt instruction
746 * then we have to manually step over it, otherwise
747 * the core will break again */
748
749 if (target->debug_reason == DBG_REASON_BREAKPOINT) {
750 uint16_t op;
751 uint32_t pc = buf_get_u32(r->value, 0, 32);
752
753 pc &= ~1;
754 if (target_read_u16(target, pc, &op) == ERROR_OK) {
755 if ((op & 0xFF00) == 0xBE00) {
756 pc = buf_get_u32(r->value, 0, 32) + 2;
757 buf_set_u32(r->value, 0, 32, pc);
758 r->dirty = true;
759 r->valid = true;
760 result = true;
761 LOG_DEBUG("Skipping over BKPT instruction");
762 }
763 }
764 }
765
766 if (inst_found)
767 *inst_found = result;
768
769 return ERROR_OK;
770 }
771
772 const struct command_registration armv7m_command_handlers[] = {
773 {
774 .chain = arm_command_handlers,
775 },
776 {
777 .chain = dap_command_handlers,
778 },
779 COMMAND_REGISTRATION_DONE
780 };